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7 countries with green, yellow, red flags

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In this article, we'll look at seven countries with green, yellow, and red flags. While many flags feature all three colors, we'll focus on those that appear green first, then white, then red. These tricolors can be read left to right and right to left, top down or bottom up. Currently, we are discussing the flags of Bolivia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Republic of Congo and Senegal. We'll take a quick look at the history, design, and symbolism of each below.

bolivia flag

bolivia flag
The Bolivian flag represents the Plurinational State of Bolivia.

© Design_Bank/Shutterstock.com

Flag of Bolivia, representing the Plurinational State of Bolivia. Typically, it was first implemented in 1851. The Wiphala flag has been recognized as a double flag since 2009. The Wiphala was recognized as Bolivia's national symbol in the updated National Constitution adopted in 2009.

design

The Bolivian flag has three horizontal stripes: red at the top, green in the middle and yellow at the bottom.

Symbolism

Green represents the country's fertile terrain and abundance of natural resources, while red represents the bloodshed of its citizens during the fight for independence. The yellow bars represent Bolivia's rich natural resources. This rainbow of colors symbolizes Bolivia's rich cultural heritage, vibrant present and bright future.

ethiopian flag

ethiopian flag
On October 31, 1996, Ethiopia adopted its current flag. The national emblem is a golden five-pointed star on a blue disc superimposed in the middle of a tricolor flag composed of green, yellow and red.

©Olleg/Shutterstock.com

Ethiopia flies one of the oldest flags in the world. It is also the most recognizable due to its distinctive appearance and striking hues. On October 11, 1897, Menelik II adopted the contemporary green, yellow and red tricolor; on October 31, 1996, the current national flag was adopted.

design

The flag of Ethiopia is a vertical green, yellow and red tricolor with the country's national emblem – a gold five-pointed star on a blue disc – superimposed in the center.

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Symbolism

The red hue of the flag commemorates the lives of Ethiopian soldiers who died fighting for freedom. To depict the country's landscape and flora, green is used, while yellow signifies the country's bright economic future. Together, they symbolize Ethiopia's rich heritage, vibrant culture and bright future.

ghana flag

Ghana flag waving
The flag of Ghana was adopted on March 6, 1957.

© Design_Bank/Shutterstock.com

The blue flag of the UK's Gold Coast was replaced by the current flag of Ghana. The flag was officially adopted on March 6, 1957, when the Dominion of Ghana gained independence from the United Kingdom. That same year, renowned Ghanaian artist Theodosia Okoh created the design. Flying of the flag ceased in 1964 but resumed the following year. The flag of Guinea-Bissau was inspired by this design (1973).

design

The flag of Ghana consists of three horizontal stripes: green, yellow and red (from bottom to top). It has a five-pointed black star in the center of its yellow stripes. The flag of the Ethiopian Empire was the first African flag to use these colors, and the flag of Ghana was the second, albeit with the colors reversed.

Symbolism

Red represents the lives lost and green represents Ghana's rich natural resources and the wealth of the country. The country's mineral resources, especially gold, are represented in yellow. Together, these shades represent Ghana's rich past, vibrant present and hopeful future.

guinea flag

guinea flag
The flag of Guinea is a vertical tricolor of red, yellow and green.

© Design_Bank/Shutterstock.com

With the promulgation of Guinea's first constitution on November 10, 1958, the national flag was officially launched at that time.

design

A vertical tricolor of green, yellow and red forms the national flag of Guinea (from right to left). The main movement at independence was the African Democratic Union, whose colors were adapted into the national flag. The color scheme of the flag is taken from the flag of Ghana which has been in use since 1957.

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Symbolism

Red represents the blood of the anti-colonial martyrs, the hard work of the working people, and the hope of progress; the green of the Guinea forest; and the yellow represents the sun. Additionally, the pan-African red, green and yellow are symbols of unity and pride across the continent. The colors chosen represent the three parts of the national motto: Travail, Justice, Solidarité (or "Work, Justice, Unity").

mali flag

mali flag
The flag of Mali is a vertical tricolor of green, yellow and red.

© Claudio Divizia/Shutterstock.com

On March 1, 1961, the current flag was officially adopted. Mali first flew its current flag on April 4, 1959, the day it officially joined the Federation of Mali. The flag is the same, but with the black Kanaga – the silhouette of a short man with arms raised – on a yellow (gold) stripe. In a country where 90 percent of the population is Muslim, statues were removed when Islamist fanatics objected.

design

The flag of Mali is a tricolor with three equal vertical stripes. The colors are green, yellow (gold) and red, also pan-African colors from hoists. The flag of Mali is almost identical to that of Guinea, but the colors are displayed upside down.

Symbolism

Green represents the richness of the land, yellow represents purity and mineral resources, and red represents sacrifices in the fight for independence from the French.

Republic of the Congo flag

The flag of the Republic of the Congo has a yellow band running diagonally from the bottom hem corner to the upper right corner, with the upper triangle colored green and the lower triangle colored red.

© iStock.com/IFest

On September 15, 1959, it became independent from France and officially approved the use of the current flag of the Republic of Congo on the same day. This flag flew over the Republic of Congo until 1970, when the People's Republic of the Congo was established. With the change of government, the flag was updated to a red background with the national emblem of the People's Republic of China. This version was used until the fall of the regime in 1991. The new government quickly returned the pre-1970 flag.

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design

Green, yellow and red make up the flag of the Republic of the Congo (left to right). The flag has three distinct parts: a green upper triangle, a yellow diagonal band that divides the flag in half from the bottom corner of the lift, and a red lower triangle.

Symbolism

Red is said to represent the lives lost in the struggle for independence, green represents the country's forests and agriculture, and yellow represents the enthusiasm and high spirit of the Congolese people.

Senegal flag

Senegal flag
The people of Senegal have flown their flag since independence.

©Hybrid Gfx/Shutterstock.com

The flag of Senegal was adopted when Senegal gained independence from France in 1960. Interestingly, the colors of the flag are also those of the Pan-African flag. This is probably no coincidence, as Senegal has been a staunch supporter of Pan-Africanism.

design

The flag of Senegal is a tricolor flag with a green five-pointed star in the middle of three vertical stripes of green, yellow and red.

Symbolism

Senegal's flag has recently evolved into a symbol of national pride and unity. Green is both a symbol of prophets and a harbinger of a brighter future. For a country that values economic development, yellow might be seen as representing the fruits of its citizens' labor. Yellow is often associated with creativity and intelligence. The color red associated with blood also represents a strong will to overcome poverty and its associated social injustice.

Click here to learn about every flag in the world!

Next:

  • Green, White and the Green Flag: History, Meaning and Symbolism of the Nigerian Flag
  • countries with striped flags
  • White, green and red flags: history, meaning and symbolism of the flag of Bulgaria

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featured image

bolivia flag
Close up of waving Bolivia Flag. Bolivia flag symbol.

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about the author


I have spent a large part of my life as a writer and artist with great respect for viewing nature analytically and metaphysically. After careful investigation, the natural world reveals truths far beyond the obvious. For me, the source of everything we have is embodied in our planet; the process of writing and creating art around this subject is an attempt to convey the wonder of it.

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source
  1. Wikipedia, available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Ethiopia#Colors
  2. Wikipedia, available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Ghana
  3. Wikipedia, available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Mali