A-z - Animals

apple head chihuahua

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Apple Head Chihuahuas are a toy breed that dates back to ancient Mexico. Although they are the smallest canines in the world, they are cute, loyal, intelligent and courageous, with a long lifespan.

Apple head-chihuahua-1

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The standard Apple Head Chihuahua weighs 6 pounds and stands just 8 inches tall, and gets its name from the apple-shaped dome of its skull. These short- and long-haired dogs are beloved for their playful attitude and charming temperament. But when Chihuahuas sense a threat or a stranger approaches, they don't hesitate to bark and behave like a much larger dog. The breed is ancient, coming from pre-Columbian times in Mexico and named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua. They are considered terrier-like in toy breeds.

Chihuahuas are often called "purse pets" because they are compact, loyal and eager to stay with their owners. Known as "Little Napoleons" when untrained, you can expect them to rule your household. But with proper training, you won't find a more devoted, loving companion.

15 Different Types of Apple Head Chihuahuas and Apple Head Chihuahua Mixes

Young black Chiweenie dog playing outside.
Chiweenies are one of the most popular Chihuahua pedigree mixes.

©Caley Ballard/Shutterstock.com

Standard apple-headed Chihuahuas include both long-haired and short-haired breeds. These breeds are available in a variety of colors and markings, including white, chocolate, tan, gold, cream, red, black, fawn, blue, silver, sable, and brindle. But they are also often crossed to become the popular Chihuahua breed.

The 15 most popular Applehead Chihuahua mixes include:

Health and Recreation with Apple Head Chihuahua

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  • Cheese
  • Chion
  • French Beefflower
  • Chimera
  • Chippanier
  • beagle
  • chiweeney
  • Zhichun
  • eat eat
  • jack pool
  • chug
  • red wave terrier
  • chat meme
  • Min Chin
  • Kovawa

Apple Head Chihuahua vs Deer Head

Pet dog Apple Head Chihuahua sits outside on the deck.
Apple-headed Chihuahuas are significantly smaller than deer-headed Chihuahuas.

© Lesia Kapinosova/Shutterstock.com

The Apple Head Chihuahua is the breed standard and is often shortened to Chihuahua. But another variation of this adorable puppy is the deer head Chihuahua. Although deer head varieties are not breed standard, they are very similar to apple heads. As their names reflect, their main difference is head shape.

The Apple Head Chihuahua has a round head that is angled at 90 degrees from muzzle to forehead. This "stop" is evident when viewed from the side of the Chihuahua. Deer head, on the other hand, is characterized by a longer head and larger ears, like a deer. The angle between the muzzle and forehead of the Deer Head is not 90 degrees, but 45 degrees. Deer Head Chihuahua's head looks very much like a deer from every angle.

Besides the obvious head shape, there are other differences between these two little characters of the dog world. Deer heads tend to have longer legs and a higher height. They're also usually a few pounds heavier than the Apple Heads.

As far as their health is concerned, staghorns tend to have fewer health problems due to the shape of their heads. Birth is easier, start. The apple head often gets stuck in the birth canal, requiring a caesarean section. Due to their elongated heads, deerheads also have fewer dental and breathing problems than their apple-domed cousins.

Although the American Kennel Club, other kennel clubs, and the American Chihuahua Club standards list the ideal Chihuahua as an apple-headed dog, many people still prefer the Deer-type dog. Both are equally lovable, loyal, valuable, and adept at being their owner's lifelong companion.


texas winter
The Chihuahua region of Mexico is where the breed got its name.

© Pi-Lens/Shutterstock.com

Most scientists tend to believe that modern Chihuahuas are descended from an ancient breed known as the Techichihi, which was revered in the art of the Toltec, Mayan, and Aztec peoples of Mesoamerica. Although originally bred as a companion dog to the Toltecs, it soon acquired supernatural traits such as clairvoyance and gained a place in local mythology as the guardian of spirits passing into the afterlife. Techichi was popular among the Aztec royal family, as many as 100 people roamed the palace at one time.

Chihuahuas, as we know them today, were first documented in the 1800s, and although they had no official name, they were known as "Texas," "Mexicans," or more specifically "Chihuahuas," after the breed. The region in which it is located is named after. In 1888, dog judge James Watson wrote extensively about the breed and began a campaign for recognition of the breed. His efforts finally paid off in 1904 when the Chihuahua was registered with the American Kennel Club by H. Raynor, a Texan.

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3 Pros and Cons of Owning an Apple Head Chihuahua

advantage! shortcoming!
Compact toy-sized dog that takes up little space!
Chihuahuas rarely grow past 6 pounds. They are compact and easy to carry or place on your lap for hours.
Chihuahuas are small, but not easily intimidated. They often seem to think of themselves as much larger dogs and are said to have a unique "Napoleon complex" that uses their bark frequently on a daily basis.
Perfect for traveling city dwellers!
Chihuahuas make excellent indoor pets and great companions for city dwellers! They're great for travel because they're lightweight, rarely stray too far from their owners when off-leash, and love to be carried in a purse, pouch, or backpack!
strong will:
Chihuahuas can be stubborn little dogs. However, they are smart and train well with persistence!
Easy Care:
Aside from typical pet grooming needs, Chihuahuas are exceptionally low maintenance, especially if they are a short-haired breed. Their compact size makes grooming quick and easy.
Due to their small size and delicate size, Chihuahuas cannot be rough with children without risking injury. They are the smallest dogs in the world!
Two funny little apple head chihuahua pet dogs sitting on a skateboard.
Two funny little apple head chihuahua pet dogs sitting on a skateboard.

©Ruslan Shugushev/Shutterstock.com

size and weight

Brown apple head chihuahua dog sitting on the floor.
A fully ripe apple head weighs about 6 pounds.


The Apple Head Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world, weighing just 6 pounds as an adult in standard conditions. But some have been known to grow up to 8 lbs. Although the breed standard doesn't specify a height, they typically grow 6 to 9 inches tall. However, some have been recorded as being as high as 15 inches.

height (male) 6″ to 9″ high
height (female) 6″ to 9″ high
weight (male) 6 pounds, fully grown
weight (female) 6 pounds, fully grown

common health problems

old chihuahua
Cataracts are a common eye problem in older apple-headed Chihuahuas.


Apple-headed Chihuahuas live for 14 to 16 years. But they do face some common health problems. These include heart problems such as mitral valve disease and patent ductus arteriosus. Because of their bulging eyes, they are also prone to eye injuries, as well as eye infections. Other conditions they have been known to experience include patellar luxation and idiopathic epilepsy.

Their apple-shaped domes often lead to breathing problems such as brachycephalic airway syndrome, which is characterized by snoring, sleep apnea, and general malaise. Also, due to their small, rounded skulls, Apple Heads often suffer from dental problems. Sometimes the characteristic shivering of Chihuahuas is related to low blood sugar as part of hypoglycemia, although shivering can come from other causes as well.

The most common health problems for Apple Head Chihuahuas include:

  • mitral valve disease
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Eye Injuries and Eye Infections
  • Patella luxation
  • idiopathic epilepsy
  • brachycephalic airway syndrome
  • hypoglycemia


blue buffalo small breed
Chihuahuas are very playful and energetic dogs.

© PITAKSUNTI/Shutterstock.com

The Apple Head Chihuahua's personality traits are often described as playful, cheeky, and charismatic with big dog energy. Their behavior is playful, but due to their small size, they are braver than one might think. Their behavior is playful and energetic in short bursts, followed by lots of lap time and cuddles or naps. The typical Chihuahua personality is aggressive. But in crowds, they have to be carried and tend to appear trembling or trembling in new situations. Due to their very loyal and protective traits, these small dogs are best suited for households without children or other primary pets.

How to Care for an Apple Head Chihuahua

Chihuahua puppy on football
Appleheads need special attention as puppies to avoid misbehaving as adults.

©iStock.com/Aime Martin

New pet owners who want to learn the facts about caring for an Apple Head Chihuahua must pay special attention to the dog's training needs and typical health issues. Chihuahuas are very intelligent pets that are easy to learn. But untrained, they rule the household and usually bark a lot. Due to their small size, they require very little grooming time. However, as with any pet, weekly grooming is important, especially with long-haired breeds whose hair can tangle and mat.

Best Dog Food for Apple Head Chihuahuas

Appleheads don't require a lot of food compared to other varieties.


Food for this toy breed must be broken into pieces small enough that it is safe for them. A raw food diet is also good at preventing common dental problems in apple-headed Chihuahuas.

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At AZ Animals, we think Apple Head Chihuahuas can live a healthy life by eating Instinct Raw Boost Toy Breed Dry Dog Food, Grain Free High Protein Kibble + Natural Freeze Dried Raw Dog Food.

This dog food for toy breeds combines the best elements of raw dog food and kibble. Calcium and phosphorus rich in protein and free of grains, fillers, artificial colors or preservatives to help promote healthy teeth. The precise balance of nutrients is ideal for supporting your Apple Head Chihuahua's immune system, metabolism and heart.

Try the Instinct Raw Boost Toy Breed Kibble + Raw Dog Food on Chewy or Amazon.

Instinct Raw Boost Toy Breed Grain Free Recipe with Real Chicken and Freeze Dried Raw Chunk Dry Dog Food

  • Add nutrition to toy dogs with high protein kibble + freeze-dried raw meal.
  • Free-range chicken is the first ingredient, so it's rich in animal protein for building strong muscles. Plus, it has an ideal balance of protein, fat, and calories.
  • Calcium and phosphorus for strong bones and teeth, and natural glucosamine and chondroitin for joint health.
  • Contains no grain, potato, corn, wheat, soy, by-product meal or artificial colors or preservatives.
  • Made in the USA with the highest quality ingredients sourced from around the world.

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Feeding approximately 225 calories per day to a 6-pound adult apple-head Chihuahua requires a small specialty kibble due to their small mouths. It is important not to overfeed these pets, especially because of their small size.

A four-month-old, one-pound Chihuahua puppy needs about 115 calories per day. Add about 50 to 75 calories to their food for every pound they gain until they are 4 months old. After four months, they needed fewer calories to avoid excessive weight gain.

Maintenance and Grooming

dog food for small dogs
Long-haired Chihuahuas need regular grooming.

© Athiporn Phumnicom/Shutterstock.com

The Apple Head Chihuahua is relatively low maintenance due to its small size. Of course, long-haired Chihuahuas need more care than short-haired Chihuahuas. Regardless of coat type, these pets require regular bathing. A monthly bath works well unless the puppy or adult dog is very dirty and needs to be bathed more often. Brush short-haired Chihuahuas at least once a week and long-haired Chihuahuas at least 3 times a week to prevent tangles. You should never shave your Chihuahua, no matter how warm it gets indoors or out. They need fur to protect them from heatstroke and sunburn.

Chihuahuas often suffer from dental disease. Therefore, you need to brush your dog's teeth daily and visit the veterinarian regularly for routine cleanings. Getting them used to this routine as puppies makes it easier for everyone for the rest of their lives.

When dealing with Chihuahuas, always keep an eye on their eyes. They are prone to eye injuries and infections, especially in later life. If you notice signs of irritation or changes in their eyes, take them to the vet.


Chihuahua wants to bite someone's hand
Behavior problems are common in apple heads, and if barking is not your thing, this probably isn't for you.

©Piotr Wawrzyniuk/Shutterstock.com

Chihuahuas are smart little dogs that are easy to learn. Start training your puppy early to prevent biting, biting, growling and guarding behavior. As they grow, they will challenge your boundaries from time to time. But if you use positive reinforcement and encourage good behavior, your Chihuahua will learn how to follow your basic commands. It's also important to socialize them early in life around new places, people, and objects to prevent some of the signature nervousness that Chihuahuas are known for.

These puppies love to hear themselves bark. They will call your attention to almost everything they hear or see. If barking becomes a problem, a certified trainer or behaviorist can help you change this behavior. But they will always use their voices and should be accepted for their vocal spirit.


Chihuahua (Canis familiaris) - Chihuahua running in the forest
Chihuahuas benefit greatly from regular play and walks.

©Martyna Nysk/Shutterstock.com

Despite their small size, Apple Head Chihuahuas need regular exercise to stay healthy. It is very important that they take short daily walks. You can simply bring them around the block or in your yard. But these dogs don't need strenuous exercise. In fact, they tire too easily and develop knee problems, so they shouldn't be overworked.

Despite requiring little daily exercise, many of these dogs still don't get enough exercise. Their owners prefer to carry them on their backs rather than letting them walk on their own. This makes it important to allow them to use their legs to stay in shape. They are an intelligent breed, so they need mental stimulation too. For this, there is a wide range of interactive dog toys suitable for their small size.

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Chihuahuas love the outdoors. However, in colder temperatures and during the winter months, it's important to make sure they stay warm. If you take your dog outside in the winter, make sure they have suitable coverings, such as sweaters or boots.

Because Chihuahuas are so small, they are very happy in any type of indoor home. They're great for apartments, single-family homes, and outdoors in warm weather. If kept busy and active according to their energy levels, they can certainly get enough daily exercise indoors if necessary. But, in addition to exercise, a daily walk can provide the fresh air, sunshine, and change of scenery they need. Chihuahuas are not well suited to spend long periods of time outside in the yard, especially in warm, sunny weather or out of sight of their owners. They are easy targets for birds of prey and other predators.

Chihuahuas are not a good pet choice for families with young children, as dropping them or rough play can break their fragile bones. But they're especially good for families with older kids, families without kids, or single owners.


Apple Head Chihuahua puppies are popular for their small size, long life, personality and loyalty. But they can have a range of health issues and are prone to injury if dropped or as part of rough play. That's why these puppies are best for single adults, couples, and families without young children. They need to live indoors for safety, health and human companionship.

Because of the Chihuahua's naturally arrogant and big-dog attitude, he or she will require early training and socialization. Through training and exposure to other people, dogs, and places, your puppy can grow into a safe and confident adult Apple Head.

Three small apple-headed chihuahua puppies walk on the grass in summer.
Three small apple-headed chihuahua puppies walk on the grass in summer.

©Natalia Fedosova/Shutterstock.com

Apple head chihuahua and child

Cute short-haired white miniature deer head chihuahua puppy with tennis ball on white background.
Appleheads are very fragile, especially when they are puppies.

© iStock.com/Arthur Lookyanov

Apple Head Chihuahuas, Teacup Chihuahuas, and some other small Chihuahua mixes are not good pets for small children. They are fragile animals, and their small bones can easily break if dropped, stepped on, or played too roughly. But they are great pets for families with older children who understand their delicate nature.

similar species

The calmest dog - the Pekingese in the valley
The Pekingese is about the size of an applehead, but has a calmer demeanor.

Breeds similar to the Apple Head Chihuahua include the Japanese Chin, Poodle, and Pekingese.

  • Japanese Chin: Japanese Chin dogs look very like long-haired Apple Head Chihuahuas and have similar temperaments. Like Apple Head Chihuahuas, Japanese Chin dogs take little time to groom.
  • Poodle: Poodles are very intelligent, as are Apple-headed Chihuahuas. Both are easy to train and make loyal companions. Teacup dogs and toy poodles are comparable in size to adult apple-headed Chihuahuas.
  • Peking Pug: Like the apple-headed Chihuahua, the Pekingese is a small breed with ancient roots. Both breeds require little exercise and share similar physical weaknesses, such as their bulging eyes. Both also develop a close bond with their owners, and can use their tendency to bark at strangers or outdoor noises to provide a watchdog "alert" service.
chihuahua puppy
Many popular Chihuahua names are indicative of these little dogs' great personalities.

© iStock.com/Koika

Popular names for Apple Head Chihuahuas are often sarcastic, tongue-in-cheek references to their size or generic names chosen based on their endearing personalities. Some of the top Chihuahua names include:

  • Rocky
  • killer
  • Hulk
  • boss
  • luna
  • cocoa
  • daisy
  • fighter
  • mia
  • Hercules
  • tank

famous apple head

Chihuahuas originated in Mexico, giving American fast food giant Taco Bell good reason to use the breed to promote their line of Mexican food. Referred to simply as the Taco Bell Chihuahua in TV commercials, a female Chihuahua named Gidget filled the role.

Bruce Woods from the hit feature film Legally Blonde, starring Reese Witherspoon, is another famous Chihuahua. A deer-head named Moonie played the role in the first film and its sequel, Legally Blonde 2.

The Beverly Hills Chihuahua movie trilogy originally starred an apple-headed Chihuahua named Papi and his fictional Chihuahua family members and friends.

Famous owners of Chihuahuas include:

  • Paris Hilton has owned multiple Apple Head Chihuahuas, starting with her most famous companion, Tinkerbell. She later bought a teacup Applehead in 2016.
  • Britney Spears has two apple-headed Chihuahuas named Bit Bit and Lucky.
  • Demi Moore owns a short-haired cream Chihuahua named Vida.
  • Madonna has three Chihuahuas, Chiquita, Evita and Rosita.
  • Reese Witherspoon is known for her work with Bruiser on Legally Blonde. But she also has her own Apple Head Chihuahua.
  • Marilyn Monroe owned a Chihuahua named Choo Choo.
  • Rosie O'Donnell owns an Apple Head Chihuahua, which she regularly brings on stage as a comedian, actress and talk show host.
  • George Lopez owns three Chihuahuas and also acted with a group of Chihuahuas in the film trilogy "Beverly Hills Chihuahuas."

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Prices for an Apple Head Chihuahua range from $500 to $1,000 for a breeder and $150 for an adoption or rescue agency. Of course, it is much more expensive to buy a teacup apple head. Depending on the type and brand of food you choose, your Chihuahua's food and general care will cost approximately $10 per week. Veterinarian costs vary, but can range from about $200 to $400 per year for a healthy pet's vaccinations and checkups.

One of the most important facts about this breed is that they are very fragile creatures due to their small size. Young children who are not aware of the fragile nature of pets can easily injure them by dropping them, rolling over on them, or engaging in rough play. Chihuahuas' bulging eyes are also prone to injury, especially during rough play. While they're great for kids, they're generally safer in homes without young children.

Apple Head Chihuahuas have an average lifespan of 14 to 16 years. Preserving your full-sized or teacup apple-headed Chihuahuas is critical to ensuring they live as long as possible. It is also important to provide your Chihuahua with proper vaccinations, a healthy diet and regular veterinary care.

An Apple Head Chihuahua can be purchased from a breeder for between $500 and $1000. Teacup apple heads cost much more. But you can adopt a Chihuahua from a local shelter or rescue organization for about $150. Of course, these adorable and loyal puppies are worth far more than their purchase or rescue price.

The Apple Head Chihuahua is an ancient Mexican dog breed. It is also the smallest canine in the world, weighing just 6 pounds as an adult. This loyal and lovable little Chihuahua is named for its apple-shaped skull dome, which forms a 90-degree angle from muzzle to forehead.

Apple Head Chihuahuas are known for their tiny size and bark. They really like their voices! You can expect your chihuahua to act as a siren in your home, barking when others approach your home or when you ring the doorbell. But early training as puppies can help dampen some of their vocalizations.