A-z - Animals

bush baby

This post may contain affiliate links to our partners such as Chewy, Amazon, etc. These purchases help us further AZ Animals' mission of educating the world's species.

Jungle baby can leap 30ft in seconds

Bush babies are primates that live in Africa. They are sometimes called small bush babies, galagos, or nagapies. Bush babies are nocturnal and spend most of their time in the canopy. They are omnivores, eating fruit, insects, gums, and sometimes small animals. Bush cubs live more than 16 years in the wild.

jungle baby 1

© AZ-Animals.com

5 Unbelievable Facts!

  • The jungle baby's large eyes allow it to see in very low light and in the dark.
  • A nagapie's cry sounds very similar to that of a human baby.
  • Some Galagos fetch premium prices in the exotic pet market.
  • They eat gum that oozes from certain types of trees.
  • Bush babies place their ears against their heads during the day to block out noise while they sleep.

scientific name

Senegalese jungle baby, Galago senegalensis, isolated on white background
Shrub baby Galago senegalensis is also known as galago or nagapie.

©Rosa Jay/Shutterstock.com

Galago senegalensis is the scientific name for a smaller baby shrub. The word Galago refers to its genus, while the word senegalensis means originated from Senegal.

Some other names they use include galago and nagapie. The Afrikaans word nagapie means "night monkey". These primates belong to the family Galagidae and the class Mammalia.



There are only 20 known species of Galagos. However, scientists believe there may be many more species yet to be discovered. When you think about it, this is not surprising. These primates are shy, try to stay out of sight!

There are currently five different genera of jungle babies:

  • Galago, including Dusky bush baby (G. matschiei), Prince Demidoff's bush baby (G. demidoff) and Mohol bush baby (G. moholi). There may be a second species of Mohol, the Namibian bush baby ( G. m. bradfieldi).
  • Paragalago, including Zanzibar bush young (P. zanzibaricus), Grant bush young (P. granti) and Rondo bush young (P. rondoensis).
  • Sciurocheirus, including Allen bush young (S. alleni).
  • Otolemur, including Brown greater galago (O. crassicaudatus).
  • Euoticus, including two species known as needle-clawed shrub babies.

appearance

Bush babies are an exotic pet. they are cute.
Some people keep jungle babies as pets because of their cute big eyes and big ears.

©akegooseberry/Shutterstock.com

Galago's large saucer-shaped eyes are its most distinctive feature. Their eyes are rust colored or brown with black pupils. When these animals hunt their prey at night, it allows them to see in the dark. Point the flashlight at the jungle babies and their eyes will glow in the dark like cat's eyes.

Galagos have large ears that move independently. Not surprisingly, these animals have remarkably good hearing. They can even hear the activity of insects buzzing or fluttering in the area. In fact, their hearing is so keen that they must sleep with their ears close to their heads during the day, so as to block out all the sounds of the forest. It's noisy!

Read more  Amazon Pufferfish (Pink Dolphin)

Their woolen coats can be gray or brown, with yellowish hairs on their legs. They use their bushy, hairy tails and strong hind legs to help them spring into the air to catch flies and other insects. These legs also allow them to jump quickly over long distances. Thirty feet, or nine meters, is easy for them in seconds! Their tails also help them balance on branches. Jungle Babies get around best by jumping when they're on the forest floor. If they walked on all fours, they would be slow and clumsy!

Depending on the species, Galagos can weigh anywhere from 3.5 ounces to 3 pounds. Additionally, they can grow anywhere from 5 to 18 inches in length. For comparison, a three-pound bush baby weighs half a brick. A five-inch galago is one-third the length of a bowling pin. The greater brown galago is the largest species in the galago family.

Behavior

Bush Baby is ready to jump into the marula tree.
Bush baby ready to jump. Its speed and ability to move quickly through the woods are its best defense.

©Jurgens Potgieter/Shutterstock.com

The little Galago's best defense against predators is its speed and ability to move through the woods. When leaping and hopping through the forest canopy, these primates fold their large ears overhead so that they cannot be hurt by passing branches. They are active at night, which makes it easier for them to hide. Of course, they are being chased by some predators that can see well in the dark.

The sound of this animal is very good. If there is a predator in the area, bushpups will signal each other through chirping, clicking and clucking. This gives other Galagos a chance to escape danger. Alternatively, a female bush baby and her mate can signal to each other by vocalizing in the treetops. A group of jungle pups may also use their calls to confuse predators wandering nearby.

Jungle babies are shy animals. Their shyness combined with their nocturnal activity means they are rarely seen by people. Galagos are both social and solitary animals. They spend some time socializing and playing in the trees, and also spend some time alone. A group of bushbabies may rest together during the day and go out hunting separately at nightfall. Older Galagos are more likely to spend most of the day alone.

Habitat

Very young bush baby sitting on driftwood against beige background
Very young bush baby sitting on driftwood. The galago's habitat varies by species.

These primates live on the African continent. Some bush babies live in the forests of sub-Saharan Africa, while others make their homes in the savannahs. There are galagos that live in tropical forest habitats, such as the brown galago. Alternatively, the Somali Galago lives in scrub and woodland areas.

Read more  Top 11 Largest Dog Breeds

Galagos does not migrate. However, they sometimes move short distances to find areas with more insects and other prey, or female bushbabies may move short distances to find their young's nest.

Predators and Threats

Predators of Galagos include snakes, owls, mongooses, jackals, dogs and cats. Most Galagos predators, including snakes, owls, mongooses, and cats, can climb trees to hunt the small primate. All of their predators have the ability to move fast, which is good for them in chasing fast galagos.

Bush babies face other threats, including habitat loss due to farm expansion and logging. When their habitat is taken away, it also means they lose the food supply there.

Additionally, these creatures are sometimes captured and sold for a premium to people wanting exotic pets. They are sometimes sold online or advertised in classifieds by the people who breed them. To protect these animals, most states in the United States have made it illegal to keep Galagos as pets.

Little Galago's protection status is worry-free.

What eats jungle babies?

Galagos are eaten by mongooses, jackals, owls, dogs, cats and snakes.

What do jungle babies eat?

Galagos are omnivores, eating the most abundant food sources in their environment. Plus, their diets vary by species. Smaller bushbabies eat mainly insects, gums, and fruit, while larger species, such as the greater galago, eat small animals such as frogs and birds. They are active at night and hunt their prey.

Since these animals spend a lot of time in the trees, they rehydrate by licking water from the leaves and crevices of branches. This allows them to stay in the trees and avoid descending to the ground where they are more vulnerable to predators.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Bush babies, also known as galagos, are small, saucer-eyed primates that spend most of their lives in trees. At least 20 species of galago are known.
The Bush babies weighed less than an ounce at birth and grew to only about three pounds.

The Lesser Galago has two breeding seasons. One in November and the other at the end of February. The males fight each other for the attention of the females until the largest male drives off all the other males. They mark their territories with urine, including females. Some Galago species have only one mate, while others have multiple mates.

The gestation period for this small primate is 125 days. The common marmoset, another small primate, has a long gestation period of 152 days. Typically, bush babies' litters consist of two twin babies. They're alive and weigh less than an ounce!

Read more  Indominus Rex: How it compares to real dinosaurs

Newborn Galagos are called babies. These nagapies are born with half-closed eyes and cannot move very far. The mother gives birth to her young in a hollow tree or nest abandoned by the bird. A female Galago will transfer her offspring to another den if she feels her offspring are at risk from predators or unsafe for any reason. She does this by taking them one by one in her mouth.

She nursed the babies and then weaned them when they were about six weeks old. Young primates begin to learn how to find insects and obtain gums. They can start living independently shortly after weaning.

population

The exact population of Little Galago is unknown. However, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species reports their conservation status as "least concern" with a declining population.

See all 280 animals that start with B

Smaller jungle babies also known as nagapies and galagos are small primates about the size of a squirrel. They are known for their large ears and saucer-shaped eyes. This animal lives in the African continent. Their habitats include forests and savannas. Female bush babies give birth in hollow trees or nests abandoned by birds. These primates are omnivores, eating fruits, gums, insects and small animals. There are at least 20 jungle babies. Scientists believe that number could double as they continue to search for more species in Africa's dense forests.

Bush babies are omnivores. They eat the foods that are most abundant in the areas where they live.

Smaller jungle babies live in Africa. Specifically, they live with others in countries such as Tanzania, Ethiopia, Nigeria, and Senegal. Forests and savannas are their two common habitats.

You might look at the jungle baby's thick fur and saucer-like eyes and think it would make a great pet. They fetch a premium in the exotic pet market. Many people believe that due to the animal's small size, it can be kept as a pet in the home like a cat. But keeping such animals as pets is illegal in most of the United States. Additionally, these animals need to live high up in the trees or in the savannah with other shrub babies to enjoy a long and healthy life. In short, this wild animal is not suitable as a pet.

The smaller jungle babies are sometimes called galagos and nagapies. The word nagapie translates to "night monkey". They got their name "jungle babies" because their cries sounded a lot like those of human babies.

The lifespan of this animal is up to 16 years.

Won't. An animal called Nycticebus kayan is poisonous to humans. A bite from a Nycticebus kayan can cause a person to go into shock and die. These animals are very similar in appearance to bush babies, but are two different creatures.