Cats are part of the cat family and are the smallest carnivores protected by humans. Their retractable claws are very useful, allowing them to maintain balance, catch prey, and protect themselves from threats. A telltale sign of the domestic cat is found in its skull, which displays the sharp canine teeth it inherited from its wild ancestors. With an enhanced sense of hearing and smell, even a cute cat can become a resourceful hunter. They were among the first animals to be domesticated.
13 Big Cat Traits Listed
Cats have unique traits in size, behavior and even senses. While most people will recognize a house cat when they see it, here are some key ways you can tell if an animal is indeed a cat.
- Warm-Blooded Mammals: Cats belong to the family of mammals, which means they share many of the typical characteristics associated with this class. They have fur, they have live births, and they feed their young with milk from their bodies as babies.
- Retractable Claws: A cat's claws are a rather unique feature of its paws. When the animal is relaxed, the claws remain hidden under the fur and skin. Instead of sitting on top of the toes, they sit around the toe pads to keep them from wearing down while walking. Typically, there are five claws on each front paw, but only four on the rear paws.
- Solitary hunters, but pack animals: When looking for prey, cats tend to hunt for prey on their own (although when their owners feed them, there is little need to hunt). However, these animals prefer to be around other felines, humans, and even other animals, showing great affection. In addition, mothers are usually very protective of their children.
- Language expression in kittens: The vocal range of many mammals is small in adulthood, but this is not the case for cats. Their meows are biologically designed to mimic the sounds made by newborns to evoke an emotional response from their owners. Interestingly, this desire to attract affection from their owners can make them jealous of a new kitten in the family.
- Live births: Mother cats give birth to live young, called kittens. Kittens are usually born in the amniotic sac and eaten by their mother. Kittens need to be fed by their mothers until they are about 8 weeks old.
- Quick Reflexes: Perhaps one of the most distinctive traits of a cat is its ability to land on its feet. Even when dropped from nearly 10 feet, the animals instinctively twist and land on their paws. Cats' righting reflex is the same movement anytime they fall, they can correct their position up to 3 feet off the ground.
- Impressive Night Vision: The tapetum in the cat's eyes enables it to see anything in the dark, requiring only 15%-20% of the light required for humans to see the same. When cats absorb the most light, their pupils may dilate to cover the entire exposed surface. As kittens, their eyes don't even open until they're about a week old, although their vision may take longer to come into better focus.
- Minimal color vision: While cats are not completely color blind, most cats can only clearly see blues and yellows. The ability to see red and green is extremely limited.
- Enhanced sense of hearing and smell: Cats can hear a wide range of sounds from 500 Hz to 32 kHz (compared to the range of 20 Hz to 15 kHz for the average human). An advanced sense of smell comes from the development of their olfactory bulbs and mucous membranes. With heightened pheromone sensitivity, this feeling can affect their social and sexual behavior, despite their short noses.
- Sharp Teeth: The ancestors of domestic cats significantly influenced their skulls, providing a specialized jaw consisting of two long canines. These teeth are much smaller in domesticated animals because they are no longer needed to capture and kill prey. Although their teeth are sharp, their molars are hardly used for chewing food.
- Carnivorous: Cats whose diet consists primarily of meat need at least two grams of protein per day. This amount will vary with the cat's weight and age. Although cats are carnivores, many household plants and vegetables can be poisonous if ingested.
- Finger walking: Cats walk on four legs and use their toes to maintain their balance. The legs on either side of the body move together, which helps them stay quiet and avoid detection while hunting prey.
- Hooked Papillae on Tongue: The backward hook of the tongue plays an important role in a cat's life as it is used for self-grooming. Hairs made of keratin, an important protein in hair, collect in the stomach and cause the cat to spit out the collected hairs.
cat character exception
Although the characteristics of cats are very specific, there are some cats that do not necessarily meet these criteria. Take the Maine Coon, for example—it's physically very similar to the smaller feral cat, despite having the same eyesight and retractable claws. Cats of this type can grow up to 27 pounds (when neutered) and reach a height of about 16 inches.
The Scottish Fold is another exception. While most cats have ears that are alert and erect, the breed's natural ears fold under the tips, causing the ear tips to fold down.
Types of Cat Coats
While cute cats may have slightly different genetic makeups, they have a wide range of coats. The main differences between these breeds are their color, texture and pattern. The 6 patterns commonly found on these cats include:
The tabby pattern has stripes and/or spots over most of the coat. Often, this coat will be paired with a white chest, white feet, or a white tail. The facial lines are M-shaped and are usually brown, gray and orange in color. The patterns vary wildly, with speckled lines and spots. Even with a white chest and belly, a tabby's coloration is usually just dark variations.
Sometimes called a "torch," the coat is a mix of black and orange, although the coat is sometimes accented with brown or gold. Most cats with these markings are females, but tortoiseshell males are almost always infertile.
Unlike tabbies, spotted cats have darker fur on the feet and tail, as well as the face. Mostly, they are light brown, but the coat may darken with age. Siamese cats are a perfect example of this type of coat.
two-color and three-color
The name of the coat tells exactly how many colors the coat comes in. A two-color fur is a combination of white and another color, while a tri-color cat is a combination of white, red and black. Bicolor cats are usually the result of mixed breeding, while tricolor cats tend to be females.
A solid color coat has no other colors, patterns or other variations. Cats with solid gray, black, or white are much more common than any brown variant.
Other fur patterns may also appear in cats' fur, including harlequins (mostly white with large patches of color), lockets (white patches on the chest), mittens (completely white paws), and vans (white with large patches of color on the head). head and tail are colored).
While some hypoallergenic cats may have no fur (i.e. sphinx), they will still have pastel patterns on their skin.
How did domestic cats evolve from feral cats?
The domestic cat you know and love today can be traced back to Fertile Crescent, a feral cat from the Middle East. Some sources say these wild animals existed as early as 100,000 years ago, but were domesticated as more and more farmers appeared. There are more than 370 million pet cats in the world today, while feral cats originally accounted for only 40 species.
Farmers have discovered feral cats to be effective hunters of pests, such as mice, in their fields and barns. Like many communities, the impact of cats on agriculture eventually led to people in cities and small towns also keeping animals as pets.
Check out this article to learn how cats live in packs and what a pack is called!
Types of Cat Breeds
There are 73 standard cat breeds recognized by the International Cat Association (TICA). Here is a list of 72 different cat species with some characteristics:
- Abyssinia – Origin: Ethiopia. Coat: Short. Pattern: Ticked Tabby.
- Aegean – Origin: Greece. Jacket: Half length. Pattern: Multicolor.
- American Bobtail – Country of Origin: United States. Jacket: Half length. Mode: All.
- American Curl – Origin: United States. Jacket: Half length. Mode: All.
- American Ringtail – Country of Origin: United States. Jacket: Half length. Mode: All.
- American Shorthair – Country of Origin: United States. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- American Wirehair – Country of Origin: USA. Jacket: Rex. Mode: All.
- Aphrodite Giant – Origin: Cypress. Outerwear: All. Mode: All.
- Arabian wool – Origin: Arabian Peninsula. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- Asia – Origin: Asia/UK. Coat: Short. Pattern: Uniform and solid.
- Asian semi-longhair cat – country of origin: United Kingdom. Jacket: Half length. Pattern: Uniform and solid.
- Australian Mist – Origin: Australia. Coat: Short. Pattern: Speckled or marbled.
- Bali – Origin: Thailand/USA. Coat: Long. Pattern: color dots.
- Bambino – Origin: United States. Jacket: Rex.
- Bangladesh – Origin: Asia/USA. Coat: Short. Patterns: Spotted, marbled or rosette.
- Birman – Origin: Burma/France. Jacket: Half length. Pattern: Color dots with gloves.
- Mumbai – Origin: USA/Myanmar. Coat: Short. Pattern: Solid Black.
- Brazilian Shorthair – Country of origin: Brazil. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- British longhair cat – country of origin: England. Jacket: Half length. Mode: All.
- British Shorthair – Country of origin: England. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- Burmese – country of origin: Burma. Coat: Short. Pattern: solid color or tortoise shell pattern.
- Burmilla – Origin: United Kingdom. Coat: Short. Pattern: Solid with shaded silver and silver tips.
- California Bling – Origin: USA. Coat: Short. Pattern: Spotted tabby cat.
- Chantilly-Tiffany – Country of Origin: United States. Coat: Long. Patterns: Solid, Classic Tabby, Spotted Tabby, and Checked Tabby.
- Chartres – Origin: France. Coat: Short. Pattern: Various shades of blue.
- Chausie – Origin: United States. Coat: Short. Patterns: Solid Black, Black Gray Tabby and Black Check Tabby.
- Colorpoint Shorthair – Country of Origin: United Kingdom. Coat: Short. Pattern: color dots.
- Cornish Rex – Origin: Cornwall, England. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- Cymric – Other names: Manx Longhair or Long-haired Manx. Origin: Isle of Man/USA/Canada. Coat: Long. Mode: All.
- Cyprus – Country of origin: Cyprus. Outerwear: All. Mode: All.
- Devon Rex – Origin: Devon, England. coat. Rex. Mode: All.
- Donskoy/Don Sphynx – Country of origin: Russia. Coat: Hairless. pattern: plain.
- Dragon Li/Chinese Li Hua – Country of Origin: China. Coat: Short. Pattern: Ticked Tabby.
- Dwelf – Origin: USA. Coat: Hairless. Mode: All.
- Egyptian wool – Origin: Egypt. Coat: Short. Pattern: Spotted tabby cat.
- European Shorthair – Origin: Continental Europe. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- Exotic Shorthair – Country of origin: United States. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- Foldex – Origin: Canada. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- German Rex – Country of origin: Germany. Jacket: Rex. Mode: All.
- Havana Brown – – Country of Origin: UK/Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: Solid Brown.
- Highlander – Origin: United States. Coat: short/long. Mode: All.
- Himalayas – Origin: USA/UK. Coat: Long. Pattern: color dots. Other names: Color point Persian.
- Japanese Bobtail – Country of Origin: Japan. Coat: short/long. Mode: All.
- Javanese – Origin: America/Canada/Southeast Asia. Coat: Long. Pattern: color dots. Other names: Colorpoint long-haired cat.
- Kanaani – Origin: Germany. Coat: Short. Pattern: Solid black, chocolate spotted tabby or cinnamon spotted tabby.
- Khao Manee – Origin: Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: Pure White.
- Kinkalow – Country of origin: United States. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- Nakhon Ratchasima – Country of Origin: Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: Solid Blue.
- Korean Bobtail – Origin: South Korea. Coat: short/long. Pattern: color dots.
- Kornja – Country of origin: Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: Solid Black.
- Kurilian Bobtail – Origin: Eastern Russia/Japan. Coat: short/long. Mode: All.
- Lambkin – Country of Origin: United States. Jacket: Rex. Mode: All.
- LaPerm – Origin: United States. Jacket: Rex. Mode: All.
- Lykoi – Origin: United States. Coat: Hairless. Pattern: Solid black tweed.
- maine coon – Origin: USA. Coat: Semi-Length/Long. Mode: All.
- Isle of Man – Origin: Isle of Man. Coat: short/long. Mode: All.
- Mekong Bobtail – Origin: Russia. Coat: Short. Pattern: color dots.
- minskin – Origin: USA. Coat: Hairless. Mode: All.
- Minuet – Origin: USA. Coat: short/long. Mode: All.
- Munchkin – Origin: USA. Coat: short/long. Mode: All.
- Nebelung – Origin: USA. Jacket: Half length. Pattern: Solid Blue.
- Norwegian Forest – Origin: Norway. Coat: Long. Patterns: All patterns except color dots.
- Ocicat – Origin: United States. Jacket: Rex. Mode: All.
- Ojos Azules – Country of Origin: USA. Coat: Short. Pattern: Spotted tabby cat.
- Oregon Rex (extinct) – Origin: United States. Jacket: Rex.
- Oriental double color – country of origin: USA/UK/Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: Two-tone.
- Oriental longhair cat – country of origin: America/UK/Thailand. Jacket: Half length. Mode: All.
- Oriental Shorthair – Country of Origin: USA/UK/Thailand. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- Persian – Origin: USA/Europe/Iran. Coat: Long. Patterns: All patterns except color dots.
- Peter Boulder — Origin: Russia. Coat: Hairless, velvet, brush or close-fitting coat. Mode: All.
- Elf Bob – Origin: USA. Coat: Short. Pattern: Spotted tabby cat.
- Ragamuffin – Origin: USA. Coat: Long. Mode: All.
- Ragdoll – Origin: USA. Coat: Long. Patterns: Dotted, Mitten, or Two-Color.
- Russ – Origin: Ras Island, Indonesia. Coat: Short. Patterns: Solid Blue, Solid Cinnamon, or Cinnamon Dots.
- Russian blue – Origin: Russia. Coat: Short. Pattern: Solid Blue.
- Russian White/Black/Tabby – Origin: Australia/Russia. Coat: Short. Patterns: Solid White, Solid Black and Tabby.
- Sam Savitt – Origin: Thailand. Coat: Short. pattern: plain.
- Savannah – Origin: USA. Coat: Short. Pattern: Spotted.
- scottish fold cat – Origin: United Kingdom (Scotland). Coat: short/long. Mode: All.
- Selkirk Rex – Origin: USA. Coat: short/long. Mode: All.
- Serengeti – Origin: USA. Coat: Short. Pattern: Spotted.
- Little Serrad – Origin: France. Coat: Short. Pattern: Speckled solid tan, solid orange and solid white.
- Siam – Origin: America/Europe/Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: color dots.
- siberian – Origin: Russia/Ukraine. Jacket: Half length. Mode: All.
- Singapore – Origin: USA/Singapore. Coat: Short. Pattern: Ticked Tabby.
- Snow shoes – Origin: USA. Coat: Short. Pattern: Color dots with gloves.
- Sokok – Origin: Kenya. Coat: Short. Pattern: Ticked Tabby.
- Somalia – Origin: USA. Coat: Long. Pattern: Ticked Tabby.
- Sphinx – Origin: Europe/Canada. Coat: Hairless. Mode: All.
- Supalak – Origin: Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: Solid reddish brown.
- Thai – Origin: Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: color dots.
- Thai Lilac – Origin: Thailand. Coat: Short. Pattern: Pure Lavender and Color Dots.
- Tokyo language—— Origin: USA/Canada. Coat: Short. Patterns: Coloproint, Mink, or Solid.
- Toy Treasure – Origin: Russia. Coat: Short. Mode: All.
- Toy Tiger – Origin: USA. Coat: Short. Pattern: Mackerel Tabby.
- Türkiye Angola – Origin: Türkiye. Jacket: Half length. Mode: All.
- Turkey Van – Origin: Türkiye. Jacket: Half length. Pattern: Fan pattern.
- Turkish Vankedisi – Origin: Türkiye. Coat: Long. Pattern: Pure White.
- Levkoy, Ukraine – Origin: Ukraine. Coat: Hairless. Pattern: Solid Gray.
York Chocolate – Origin: New York, USA. Coat: Long. Pattern: Pure Chocolate, Pure Lavender, and Pure Taupe or any of these colors plus white.
Types of cats in the picture
One of the oldest cat breeds in the world!
Be bred to look like a black panther!
Noble, elegant, affectionate!
First domesticated by the ancient Egyptians!
Also known as Colorpoint Persian!
Very similar characteristics to Siamese cats!
Folklore says it's half cat, half raccoon!
Thought it originated in the Middle East!
Often referred to as "doggy-like," Ragamuffin cats are intelligent, friendly, and extremely personable.
One of the larger domestic cat breeds!
A temple cat that originated in Thailand!
Thought to have originated in the 1960's!
Lively, smart and playful!
Many people believe that because Sphinxes don't have a lot of fur, they are easy to maintain. However, they are high maintenance!
The Chantilly cat is a cross between a Burmese cat and a long-haired Asian cat.
List of Cat Breeds
about the author
Abby Parks is the author of novels, plays, short stories, poems and lyrics. She has recorded two albums of her original songs and is a multi-instrumentalist. She manages a folk music website and writes about singer-songwriters, folk bands, and other music-related articles. She is also a radio DJ for folk music shows. As well as being a pet parent to rabbits, birds, dogs and cats, Abby enjoys hunting for animals in the wild and has witnessed some of the more exotic ones such as Puffins in the Farne Islands, Puffins in Chiloe Southern Pudu (Chile), penguins in the wild, and countless wildlife of the Rocky Mountains (bighorn sheep, goats, moose, elk, marmots, beavers).
Cat Breeds FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What are some examples of cute cats?
Some cute felines that are readily available include the Maine Coon, British Shorthair, Bengal, Persian, and Ragdoll. All of these felines have fairly distinctive features, such as flattened fat (the Ragdoll), unusually large bodies (the Maine Coon), or an uncanny resemblance to the feral cat for which they are named (the Bengal).
Which foods are poisonous to cats?
Avoid feeding cats raw meat and other raw proteins, such as eggs. They should also avoid eating raw bones. Cats should not consume onions, garlic, alcohol, chocolate, milk/dairy products, grapes or raisins – all of these foods can adversely affect the kidneys and liver. They also put cats in mortal danger.
Due to the different nutritional content of dog food and cat food, it is very unfavorable to their digestive system.
What are some examples of hypoallergenic cats?
To prevent allergic reactions, some hypoallergenic felines include the Sphynx, Russian Blue , Cornish Rex, and Oriental Shorthair. While the animals were bred to shed and dander less, none of the animals shed and dandered neither.
What are some examples of black cat breeds?
Black cats are very common and exist in many different breeds. The Bombay is best known, but American and British Shorthairs, Persians and Scottish Folds also have solid black coats. These adorable cats also come in mixed breeds.
Are lilies poisonous to dogs or cats?
Lilies are poisonous to dogs and cats . Although lilies are only mildly toxic to most dogs, they can pose a more serious threat to your feline friend. When a dog eats lily, it may develop stomach problems, but it is usually not life-threatening. When cats ingest lilies, symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening
Are orchids poisonous to cats or dogs?
Orchids, especially phalaenopsis (or phalaenopsis), are safe for dogs and cats . These plants are one of the few that are considered non-toxic to dogs and cats.
Are onions poisonous to dogs or cats?
You might be surprised to know that all parts of onions are poisonous to dogs and cats , including the leaves, pulp, skin and juice, whether cooked or uncooked. Moreover, cats and dogs can be poisoned not only by typical onions, but by all vegetables of the onion family! That's right; the entire onion family, whether dehydrated or powdered, can deplete your pet's red blood cells and cause anemia.
Is mum poisonous to dogs or cats?
There are several species of mums, all of which are considered toxic to dogs and cats . Even dried out mums are harmful to pets . Chicory is only "mildly" toxic to pets compared to most poisonous plants, scientists say. Still, pet owners should seek immediate medical attention if they notice any of the following mum-related toxic effects:
Is Calendula Toxic To Dogs Or Cats?
ASCPA defines calendula as non-toxic to dogs and cats . But it's especially special with marigolds. However, if your dog or cat eats too much of these fascinating flowers, they may experience negative effects such as an upset stomach. However, the side effects were not caused by any toxicity in the flower, but by eating something unusual. On the other hand, marigolds are known to cause more problems for pets, especially cats. This toxicity is usually mild, but requires
Are succulents poisonous to dogs or cats?
Not all succulents are poisonous to dogs and cats. Succulents are great for pet owners, as most types are perfectly safe for pets. Sempervivum, Burros Tail, Christmas Cactus, Zebra Haworthia, and more are all pet-safe succulents. Other succulents such as eucalyptus, aloe, fiddle leaf, etc. are poisonous to dogs. Are succulents poisonous to dogs or cats?
Are begonias poisonous to dogs or cats?
Despite being beautiful plants, begonias are poisonous to dogs and cats . So your pet should not eat any part of this houseplant. More than a thousand species of begonias exist, and they are all poisonous to animals. While the roots contain most of the toxins, all parts of the begonia should always be kept out of the reach of pets.
Are morning glory poisonous to dogs or cats?
Petunias are a great flower choice for gardeners who love to keep pets. Petunia plants are non-toxic to cats or dogs , making them a safe choice for families with multiple pets. But that doesn't make them a food choice for your pet. Discourage your dogs and cats from eating houseplants, whether they are poisonous or not. So if your pet accidentally eats morning glory, you don't need to worry. The non-toxic varieties of petunias include Guanghua, Lily, Wanhua and so on.
Are frogs poisonous to dogs or cats?
While all frogs produce skin fluids, most of them are not poisonous to household pets . But that's not the case with barracudas and tree frogs. Both barracuda and tree frogs are common in the United States. Whenever they are attacked by a predator, they release toxins in their skin as a defense. If your dog or cat bites one of these frogs, the toxin can make them sick.
What is the difference between a male cat and a female cat?
The main differences between male and female cats are their genitals, appearance area markings, and behavior. Male cats usually have a penis, while female cats have a vulva. In addition, male cats have larger physical features, especially cheeks in female cats. To mark their territories, urine marking is a common attribute associated with male cats.
Who would win a fight between a cat and a raccoon?
The raccoon will win the fight with the cat . Raccoons are larger than most cats, and it is nearly impossible for a smaller animal to attack and kill a raccoon instantly. That way the fight turns into a fight to the death, and in this case, the raccoon wins.
Are Acorns Poisonous to Cats?
Acorns can be harmful to cats if consumed in large quantities.
Are Rhododendrons Poisonous to Cats?
Grayanotoxin, a neurotoxin found in rhododendrons, is the source of the plant's danger to your cat. Rhododendron pollen, petals and leaves contain this toxin.
Are poinsettias poisonous to cats?
Poinsettias are not poisonous to cats. However, they are slightly toxic when ingested.
Is hibiscus poisonous to cats?
While most hibiscus varieties are safe for cats, certain hibiscus varieties may be potentially harmful to your cat.
Are hosta poisonous to cats?
It is best to keep your cat away from hosta leaves, stems and flowers, which are poisonous to cats. They are toxic to cats due to the poisonous glycoside saponins.
What to do if you find a lost cat?
If you find your lost cat, there are many steps to take. You'll want to know if the cat has an owner, and if so, how to reconnect it. It's important to keep yourself and the cat safe as you take the first step by letting the cat check for a collar while providing food, water, and comfort.
How long are cats pregnant?
A normal feline gestation period is between 63-67 days. However, any time between 61-72 days is considered normal. Because cats are so good at having kittens, it's important to have your cat spayed or neutered as soon as possible in old age.
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