How many bones does the human body have? Which are the biggest?
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As the embodiment of perfect creation, the human body has been a fascinating topic since ancient times. With its myriad of integrated units, it is no surprise that many questions still surround its form, function, restoration and capacity, even now. The human body certainly holds many unsolved mysteries, and in this article, we'll look at the number of bones in the human body.
The relationship between the skeletal system and the human body
Just like in architecture, where columns and structural foundations act as a framework to support part of a strong vertical structure, the human skeleton serves the same function, giving the body its shape, protecting its internal organs, and keeping the whole body upright against collapse.
A skeleton is a collection of neatly organized bones that form an internal framework. So how many bones does the human body have? However, a baby's body contains 300 bones at birth. Interestingly, with age and size, these numbers decrease and certain bones begin to fuse.
How many bones does the human body have?
In general, there are 206 unique bones in the adult human body, from longest to smallest, with invaluable uses. They are formed from connective tissue, calcium, and other important bone cells (osteoblasts, osteoclasts, bone cells, and bone-lining cells).
How to maintain human bone health?
Now that you know the answer to the question "How many bones are there in the human body?" it's time to find out how to keep them healthy. In general, the human body requires extreme care, exercise, and proper nutrition to maintain and develop. Interestingly, even professional nutritionists and doctors, whose job it is to provide valuable advice on healthy living, recommend that humans include proper proportions of calcium in their diets, as it is an important nutrient for bone formation. Because bones require adequate calcium for optimal formation, it is advisable to follow the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of 1.1 tonnes per day for adults ages 19 to 50 and men ages 51 to 70.
In addition, vitamin D-containing foods should be taken in moderation (fatty fish, such as tuna, mackerel, salmon), some dairy products, orange juice, soy milk, oatmeal, beef liver, cheese, egg yolk, etc. Sadly, if left unattended, bones can suffer from any of the following:
- Osteoporosis – a health condition that weakens bones, making them weak and more likely to break.
- Osteitis – inflammation of the bones
- Acromegaly – Controlled by the pituitary gland, acromegaly is a hormonal disorder that produces too much growth hormone in adulthood, which can lead to enlarged bones.
- Rickets – a bone development problem that occurs mainly in childhood. Sadly, it comes with excruciating pain and slow development.
- bone cancer
What is bone research?
Osteology is the study of bones. Much of what we know about the human skeletal system today is due to the selfless and hard work of orthopedic surgeons. As a subdiscipline of anatomy, osteology is the study of bone structure, skeletal elements, teeth, microbone morphology, ossification process, and biophysics.
The word Osteology was coined from two Greek words, ὀστέον (ostéon), meaning "bone," and λόγος (logos), meaning "study." This prestigious field cuts across other medical disciplines such as anthropology, anatomy, and paleontology, while continuing to revolutionize the medical approach to related skeletal problems.
part of human skeleton
To reiterate one of the above points, the adult skeleton consists of 206 fully formed bones. With so many amazing features bordering on this strict internal framework, one would be curious to know more about the following parts of the skeleton:
- Human Skull: The human skull is at the top of the list of the human skeletal system. It acts as the skeletal framework for the head. It consists of cartilage and bone tissue that work together to protect the brain and other sensory organs located within the skull.
- Spine: The human spine helps us sit, walk, stand, bend and twist. The spine, also known as the spine, has thoracolumbar, cervical, sacrum, and coccyx five sections, a total of 33 bones.
- Arms: These two long parts of the upper body are made up of the clavicle, radius, humerus, ulna, and carpus.
- Chest: The chest protects vital organs such as the heart, liver, and lungs. It consists of the ribs and sternum, which together with other structures support the movement of the upper arms and shoulder girdle.
Others include; pelvis, legs, hands and feet.
There are four types of human bones—flat bones, asymmetrical bones, long bones, and short bones.
Flat Bones – These bones are often identifiable by their broad surfaces. A few different examples include the sternum and cranium.
Asymmetric Bones – These bones are also known as irregular bones. Examples include the palate, vertebrae, mandible, inferior turbinate, zygomatic coccyx, hyoid, sphenoid, ethmoid, maxilla, sacrum, and temporal bone.
Long Bones – Includes the bones of the legs and arms; however, ankles, wrists, and kneecaps are not long bones.
Short Bones – Examples of short bones include the carpal bones of the wrist (scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, hamate, pisiform, capitate, trapezium, and trapezium) and the tarsal bones of the ankle (calcaneus, talus, navicular, cuboid, lateral cuneiform, medial cuneiform, and medial cuneiform).
Interesting facts about the human femur and stapes
Interesting facts about the human body abound, and femurs and stapes are here.
Femur – Located in the thigh, the femur appears to be the longest bone in the body, measuring between 16 and 19 inches in adult length.
Stapes – This priceless bone is the smallest in the human body. It is the third in the triad order of middle ear bones and measures approximately 0.04 inches.
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