A-z - Animals

hummingbird

hummingbird facts

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Hummingbirds are small – usually only 7.5 to 13 centimeters long.

Gilded Sapphire (Hylocharis chrysura), or Gilded Hummingbird, with Ceibo Tree (Erythrina crista-galli) flowers
This gilded sapphire (Hylocharis chrysura) or gilded hummingbird is only slightly larger than the ceibo tree (Erythrina crista-galli) flower.

© iStock.com/Christian Peters

Hummingbirds are native to the Americas and mainly belong to the hummingbird family, which is also their scientific name. There are approximately 350 different known species of hummingbirds, including the honeybee, anna, ruby-throated hummingbird and topaz. However, the list is updated every year as findings change.

The smallest hummingbird – the bee hummingbird – weighs only about 2 grams. Two of these birds are now known to be extinct. They are also known for their ability to fly backwards.

© AZ-Animals.com

Amazing Birds: 5 Facts About Hummingbirds

Little hummingbird chick and mother
Two hungry hummingbird chicks eagerly welcome their mother.

© Agnieszka Bacal/Shutterstock.com



  • They lay no more than three eggs on average, but females will lay one to two broods. The eggs are only half an inch in size, and the mother needs to care for the eggs for about two weeks before they can hatch.
  • Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly backwards thanks to a wingspan that can exceed its full length by at least a quarter of an inch.
  • Their name comes from the buzzing sound they make when their wings flap rapidly.
  • On average, hummingbirds weigh even less than a nickel. In fact, an adult hummingbird weighs only 2 grams.
  • While hummingbirds aren't particularly heavy, they can be quite large. The world's largest hummingbird is over 9 inches long!

Read more incredible facts about hummingbirds here.

where to find hummingbirds

geranium
Calypte anna is just one of 340 species of hummingbirds found in North America.

©yhelfman/Shutterstock.com

Bird watchers are in luck — hummingbirds can be seen in many places across the Americas. However, even among the 340 different species, these birds are not found outside the New World, so if you're in the Eastern Hemisphere, you may need to travel.

Different species of these birds such as bee, anna, topaz and ruby-throated hummingbird are found in different parts of the world. The easiest way to find one of these unique and special birds is close to the equator, as these birds like warmth. More than half of all known species live along the equator, and you can still spot them over Mexico.

Places where these little birds are found include Southwestern states such as California, Arizona, Texas, and New Mexico. Among these places, areas such as Mount Davis State Park in Texas and/or Ramsey Canyon Conservation Area in Arizona are popular hotspots for hummingbird sightings.

scientific name

black-jawed hummingbird
Trochilidae is the scientific name for hummingbirds.

©rck_953/Shutterstock.com

The scientific name of these birds is Trochilidae, belonging to a family of the same name. They belong to the kingdom Animalia and the phylum Chordate. Their class is called Aves, and their order is called Umbelliferae.

Trochilidae is derived from a Greek word – trochilos – which some sources interpret as "a small bird". However, it can also be traced back to the ancient Greek word τροχίλος, meaning "Egyptian plover". The plover is a wading bird with a stocky body and a short beak, very different from the hummingbird.

Size, Appearance and Behavior

These birds are small in size. Even the largest of these birds—the giant bird of Patagona in South America—is only about 8 inches long. However, different hummingbirds come in different sizes. Calliope hummingbirds are 3 inches long, while bee hummingbirds are 2.25 inches long. Meanwhile, the topaz hummingbird is 3.1 to 3.5 inches long.

These birds look slightly different from normal birds and that's part of their beauty. Despite their streamlined and stubby bodies, their beaks and wings are gracefully elongated. While their tiny legs make it difficult to get around, they don't need to – their wings move about 10-15 times per second, allowing them to hover in place.

This incredible speed is just one way their flight is both unusual and fascinating. The strength of their wings makes them the only birds that can fly backwards. In the blink of an eye, they can change direction, as if suspended in mid-air. The bird can even fly upside down if they so choose.

These birds are known to be aggressive and often chase off intruders. They are some of the fiercest birds around, which is often contradicted by their small size. Not only can they successfully chase away large birds, but they can also attack other animals and even humans.

Male Anna's Hummingbird showing off
This hummingbird is showing off its incredible ability to hover in mid-air.

© Keneva Photography/Shutterstock.com

diet

A bird's diet consists of consuming half its own weight in sugar, which is why sugar water is the easiest way to attract them to a bird feeder. The birds eat about five to eight times a day and also find this sugar in nectar and fruit.

When they don't eat sugar, sugar water, or natural nectar, hummingbirds also seek out insects and invertebrates for nutrition. Their favorite foods include ants, spiders, beetles, mosquitoes, small insects, weevils, fruit flies, and aphids, making them ideal guests for any home. In a pinch, they'll also find any food caught in the spider's web. For a full list of foods hummingbirds eat, check out our "What Do Hummingbirds Eat?" page.

Hummingbird feeders are a great way to invite them into your own backyard!

© Garrett Davis – Public Domain

Predators and Threats

These birds, especially due to their small size, have many predators, which is probably why they have to be so aggressive to defend themselves. Their eggs are always at risk of falling prey to predators, though one of their greatest threats is humans.

As cities become more urbanized, the natural habitats for these animals are decreasing. Deforestation is a major problem for hummingbirds, but the average bird lover can entice the birds to nest and feed by adding hummingbird feeders and plenty of foliage around their yard.

baby hummingbird eating
A typical hummingbird nest is constructed from native foliage.

©ukrit.wa/Shutterstock.com

What Do Hummingbirds Eat?

These birds are always in danger as they elude frogs, snakes, lizards, squirrels, chipmunks, bluejays, crows and other aggressive birds.

Read more  Animals that start with K

Their eggs also require special attention to avoid predators. Even once hatched, bluebirds, squirrels, chipmunks, and crows will seek out eggs and chicks.

Bluebird perched on a branch with its back to the camera
Blue jays are among the most vicious predators of hummingbirds.

© iStock.com/BrianEKushner

What Do Hummingbirds Eat?

Hummingbirds typically feed on nectar and crushed fruit, which they can get their natural sugar from. Although they hunt small insects, these birds are not predators. The only time they'll go after game bigger than a spider or beetle is when they feel threatened, but only to protect themselves (not to eat).

what do hummingbirds eat
Hummingbirds eat nectar, aphids, spiders and mosquitoes.

© AZ-Animals.com

Reproduction, Babies and Longevity

Hummingbirds begin mating when they are one year old. Each year, a female hummingbird can raise up to three chicks — which means six hummingbird chicks per year.

Before mating, a male hummingbird must convince a female that he is her perfect match. For this reason, males tend to be a little more colorful, a natural evolutionary trait in most birds.

This Annas hummingbird uses its bright colors to help attract potential mates.

© iStock.com/Jedlovec

Female hummingbirds are known to be solitary mothers. After impregnating the female, the males continue their lives. She stays to lay her eggs, incubating them for about two weeks. The eggs are about the size of navy beans. Typically, a female hummingbird usually only lays two eggs during a single breeding session.

Their young – known as chicks – will remain in the nest as their mother raises and feeds them for up to four weeks after birth. Hummingbirds live about three to five years.

evolution

baby and mother hummingbird
Hummingbirds have evolved to be some of the most gifted fliers in the avian world.

©Freebilly Photography/Shutterstock.com

Scientists were baffled when they discovered the oldest known hummingbird fossil, dating back 30 million years, not because of its age, but because of its location: southern Germany! This proved to biologists that hummingbirds were not always native to the Americas.

It is believed that about 40 million years ago, hummingbirds began to take on characteristics unique to their swift relatives, migrated to South America about 20 million years ago, and began to co-evolve with local flowers. There's been a lot of speculation about the exact details of how hummingbirds became the adorable pollinators we know today, because there are huge gaps in the fossil record, with the oldest North American hummingbird fossils being just under 10,000 years old. Until more data is gathered, all we can do is hypothesize how these natural wonders came to be.

population

While the exact number of hummingbirds is unknown, official U.S. censuses put the number of some hummingbird species, such as the ruby-throated hummingbird, at as high as 34,000,000 individuals. There are over 300 different species, but about half of all bird species live along the equator.

Topaz Hummingbird
Close-up of the Ruby Topaz Hummingbird, Chrysolampis mosquitus, with gleaming gold and red plumage.

© iStock.com/Chelsea Sampson

types of hummingbirds

There are currently 366 different species of hummingbirds recognized by the International Commission on Ornithology. Below you can find a complete list of each species of hummingbird and their scientific names!

  • Crimson Topaz: Known by the scientific name Topaza pella , this hummingbird is native to Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana, and Brazil.
  • Fiery Topaz: Topaza pyra is the scientific name for this hummingbird. It lives in northern South America .
  • White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird: Florisuga mellivora is the scientific name for this showy blue-and-white hummingbird. It can be found in Mexico and other parts of Central America.
  • Black Jacobin: Florisuga fusca is common on coffee and cocoa plantations in Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina.
  • White-tipped Sicklebill: Eutoxeres aquila is only about 12 cm long.
  • Buff-tailed Sicklebill: Eutoxeres condamini is a close relative of the White-tipped Sicklebill.
  • Saw-billed Recluse: This hummingbird lives in the Brazilian rainforest and is known scientifically as Ramphodon naevius .
  • Hook-billed Recluse: Glaucis dohrnii is a rare hummingbird found only in a small area of Brazil.
  • Bronzy Hermit: Glaucis aeneus is native to Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, Ecuador, Costa Rica, and Colombia.
  • Red-breasted recluse: Glaucis hirsutus is also known as the "hairy recluse."
  • Band-tailed Barbthroat: Threnetes ruckeri is found throughout much of South and Central America.
  • Pale-tailed Barbthroat: Threnetes leucurus inhabits vast areas of the Amazon.
  • Sooty Barbthroat: Threnetes niger was first described in 1758 by taxonomist Carl Linnaeus.
  • Broad-tipped Hermit: The Anopetia gounellei is one of many hummingbirds found only in Brazil.
  • Dusky-throated Hermit: Phaethornis squalidus is a hummingbird with a delicate and complex song native to Brazil.
  • Striped-Throated Recluse: Phaethornis rupurumii is sometimes called Rupurumi recluse.
  • Small Recluse: Phaethornis longuemareus is one of the smallest hummingbirds, weighing just under 0.12 oz.
  • Tapajos Hermit: The scientific name of this hummingbird is Phaethornis aethopygus
  • Minute hermit: Phaethornis idaliae is the scientific name for this Brazilian hummingbird.
  • Cinnamon-throated hermit: Bolivia and Brazil are home to the Phaethornis nattereri .
  • Black Throated Recluse: Phaethornis atrimentalis is found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.
  • Striped-Throated Recluse: Phaethornis striigularis is a very common hummingbird in South and Central America.
  • Gray-jawed recluse: Phaethornis griseogularis lives in Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and Brazil.
  • Red hermit: Phaethornis ruber
  • White-browed Hermit: Phaethornis stuarti
  • Yellow-bellied recluse: Phaethornis subochraceus
  • Black-capped hermit: Phaethornis augusti
  • Planalto Hermit: Phaethornis pretrei
  • Scalemaw Hermit: Phaethornis eurynome
  • Pale-bellied recluse: Phaethornis anthophilus
  • White-bearded hermit: Phaethornis hispidus
  • Whitebearded Hermit: Phaethornis yaruqui
  • Green Hermit: Phaethornis guy
  • Yellow-bellied recluse: Phaethornis symatophorus
  • The Hermit of Koepcke: Phaethornis koepckeae
  • Needle-mouthed hermit: Phaethornis philippii
  • Straight Mouth Hermit: Phaethornis bourcieri
  • Mexican hermit: Phaethornis mexicanus
  • Long-billed hermit: Phaethornis longirostris
  • Long-tailed hermit: Phaethornis superciliosus
  • Big Mouth Hermit: Phaethornis malaris
  • Green-fronted Lanspeer: Doryfera ludovicae
  • Blue-fronted Lancebill: Doryfera johannae
  • Diphtheria Dagger: Schistes albogularis
  • Geoffroy's Dagger: Schistes geoffroyi
  • Hyacinth Visorbearer: Augustes scutatus
  • Hooded goggles: Augustes lumachella
  • Brown violets: Colibri delphinae
  • Mexican Violets: Colibri thalassinus
  • Lesser Violetear: Colibri cyanotus
  • Sparkling violets: Colibri coruscans
  • White-vented Violetear: Colibri serrirostris
  • Tooth-billed Hummingbird: Androdon aequatorialis
  • Horned Hummingbird: Heliactin bilophus
  • Purple Crown Fairy: Heliothryx barroti
  • Black-eared goblin: Heliothryx auritus
  • White-tailed golden-throated parrot: Polytmus guainumbi
  • Tepui Goldenthroat: Polytmus milleri
  • Green-tailed Goldenthroat: Polytmus theresiae
  • Fiery-tailed Awlbill: Avocettula recurvirostris
  • Ruby Topaz Hummingbird: Chrysolampis mosquitus
  • Jamaican Mango: Anthrax Mango
  • Green Throat Mango: Anthracothorax viridigula
  • Green-breasted mango: Anthracothorax prevostii
  • Veraguan Mango: Anthracothorax veraguensis
  • Black Throat Mango: Anthracothorax nigricollis
  • Spanish Mango: Anthracothorax dominicus
  • Puerto Rican Mango: Anthracothorax aurulentus
  • Green mango: Anthracothorax viridis
  • Green-throated Caribbean fish: Eulampis holosericeus
  • Purple-throated Caribbean fish: Eulampis jugularis
  • Orange-throated Sunangel: Heliangelus mavors
  • Amethyst-throated Sunangel: Heliangelus amethysticollis
  • Sunangel of Longuemare: Heliangelus clarisse
  • Merida Sunangel: Heliangelus spencei
  • Gorgeous Sunangel: Heliangelus strophianus
  • Tourmaline Sunangel: Heliangelus exortis
  • Firethroat Sun Angel: Heliangelus micraster
  • Purple Throated Sun Angel: Heliangelus viola
  • Royal Sun Angel: Heliangelus regalis
  • Green-backed Fire Crown: Sephanoides sephaniodes
  • Juan Fernandez Firecrown: Sephanoides fernandensis
  • Green spiny tail: Discosura conversii
  • Gold Crested Tangerine: Discosura popelairii
  • Black-bellied Tangerine: Discosura langsdorffi
  • Letitia's Tangerine: Discosura letitiae
  • Racquet tail coquettish: Discosura longicaudus
  • Tufted coquettish: Lophornis ornatus
  • Ear demon: Lophornis gouldii
  • Frilly Coquette: Lophornis magnificus
  • Short Crested Vixen: Lophornis brachylophus
  • Brown Crested Vixen: Lophornis delattrei
  • Glittering Leprechaun: Lophornis stictolophus
  • Holiday flair: Lophornis chalybeus
  • Butterfly Demon: Lophornis verreauxii
  • Peacock Demon: Lophornis pavoninus
  • Black-Crowned Leprechaun: Lophornis helenae
  • White Crested Leprechaun: Lophornis adorabilis
  • Ecuadorian Ponytail: Phlogophilus hemileucurus
  • Peruvian Flowertail: Phlogophilus harterti
  • Spotted Hummingbird: Adelomyia melanogenys
  • Long-tailed elves: Aglaiocercus kingii
  • Purple-tailed elves: Aglaiocercus coelestis
  • Venezuelan sprite: Aglaiocercus berlepschi
  • Comet with red tail: Sappho sparganurus
  • Bronze Tailed Comet: Polyonymus caroli
  • Greybellied Comet: Taphrolesbia griseiventris
  • Andean Hillstar: Oreotrochilus estella
  • White-sided Hillstar: Oreotrochilus leucopleurus
  • Hillstar, Ecuador: Oreotrochilus chimborazo
  • Blue-throated Hillstar: Oreotrochilus cyanolaemus
  • Green-headed Hillstar: Oreotrochilus stolzmanni
  • Black-breasted Hillstar: Oreotrochilus melanogaster
  • Wedge-tailed Hillstar: Oreotrochilus adela
  • Mountain Avocetbill: Opisthoprora euryptera
  • Black-tailed Trainbearer : Lesbia victoriae
  • Green-tailed Trainbearer: Lesbia nuna
  • Black-backed Hornbill: Ramphomicron dorsale
  • Purple-backed Hornbill: Ramphomicron microrhynchum
  • Bearded climber: Oreonympha nobilis
  • Buffy Helmecrest: Oxypogon stuebelii
  • Blue-bearded Helmecrest: Oxypogon cyanolaemus
  • Whitebeard Helm: Oxypogon lindenii
  • Greenbeard Helmet Crown: Oxypogon guerinii
  • Bronze-tailed Hornbill: Chalcostigma heteropogon
  • Rainbow-bearded hornbill: Chalcostigma herrani
  • Brown-crowned Hornbill: Chalcostigma ruficeps
  • Olive Thornbird: Chalcostigma olivaceum
  • Blue-mantled Thornbill: Chalcostigma stanleyi
  • Tyrian Metaltail: Metallura tyrianthina
  • Perija Metaltail: Metallura iracunda
  • Viridian Metaltail: Metallura williami
  • Purple Throated Metaltail Fish: Metallura baroni
  • Neblina Metaltail: Metallura odomae
  • Copper-colored metal tail: Metallura theresiae
  • Firethroat Goldtail: Metallura eupogon
  • Scale Metal Tail: Metallura aeneocauda
  • Black metal tail: Metallura phoebe
  • Green puffs: Haplophaedia aureliae
  • Buff-thighed Puffleg: Haplophaedia assimilis
  • Hoary Puffleg: Brown Planthopper Haplophaedia lugens
  • Black-breasted Bunting: Eriocnemis nigrivestis
  • Gorgeted Puffleg: Eriocnemis isabellae
  • Glowing puffs: Eriocnemis vestita
  • Black-thighed Puffleg: Eriocnemis derbyi
  • Turquoise-throated Bunting: Eriocnemis godini
  • Coppery-bellied Puffleg: Eriocnemis cupreoventris
  • Sapphire Air Cell Puffs: Eriocnemis luciani
  • Golden-breasted Bunting: Eriocnemis mosquera
  • Blue-capped Puffleg: Eriocnemis glaucopoides
  • Colorful puffs: Eriocnemis mirabilis
  • Emerald-bellied Puffleg: Eriocnemis aline
  • Amazing Shoveltail Grass: Loddigesia mirabilis
  • Shine in the sun: Aglaeactis cupripennis
  • White Tufted Sunshine: Aglaeactis castelnaudii
  • Purple-backed sunbeam: Aglaeactis aliciae
  • Black Crown Sunshine: Aglaeactis pamela
  • Bronze Inca: Coeligena coeligena
  • Brown Inca: Coeligena wilsoni
  • Black Inca: Coeligena prunellei
  • Green Inca: Coeligena conradii
  • Lead Inca: Coeligena torquata
  • Gould's Inca: Coeligena inca
  • Purple Throat Star: Coeligena violifer
  • Rainbow Starfrontlet: Coeligena iris
  • White-tailed Starfrontlet: Coeligena phalerata
  • Dusky Starfrontlet: Coeligena orina
  • Light yellow-winged star-fronted bird: Coeligena lutetiae
  • Perija Starfrontlet: Coeligena consita
  • Golden-bellied Starfrontlet: Coeligena bonapartei
  • Golden Tail Star: Coeligena eos
  • Blue-throated Starfrontlet: Coeligena helianthea
  • Mountain Velvetbreast: Lafresnaya lafresnayi
  • Sword-billed Hummingbird: Ensifera ensifera
  • Large Sapphire Wing: Pterophanes cyanopterus
  • Buff tail crest: Boissonneaua flavescens
  • Chestnut-breasted phoenix crest: Boissonneaua matthewsii
  • Velvet Purple Crown: Boissonneaua jardini
  • White-booted Racket-tail: Ocreatus underwoodii
  • Peruvian racket tail: Ocreatus peruanus
  • Rufous-booted Racket-tail: Ocreatus addae
  • Rufous Hillstar: Urochroa bougueri
  • Green-backed tit: Urochroa leucura
  • Purple-bibbed Whitetip: Urosticte benjamini
  • Rufous-vented Whitetip: Urosticte ruficrissa
  • Velvet-browed Brilliant: Heliodoxa xanthogonys
  • Pink-throated Brilliant: Heliodoxa gularis
  • Rufous-webbed Brilliant: Heliodoxa branickii
  • Black-throated Brilliant: Heliodoxa schreibersii
  • Gould's Jewelfront: Heliodoxa aurescens
  • Fawn Breast Brilliant: Heliodoxa rubinoides
  • Green-crowned Brilliant: Heliodoxa jacula
  • Empress Splendor: Heliodoxa imperatrix
  • Violet-fronted Brilliant: Heliodoxa leadbeateri
  • Brazilian ruby: Heliodoxa rubricauda
  • Giant Hummingbird: Patagona gigas
  • Purple-breasted Hummingbird: Sternoclyta cyanopectus
  • Scissor-tailed hummingbird: Hylonympha macrocerca
  • Hummingbirds of Rivoli: Eugenes fulgens
  • Talamanca Hummingbird: Eugenes spectabilis
  • Fire-throated hummingbird: Panterpe insignis
  • Long mouth star throat: Heliomaster longirostris
  • Flat top star throat: Heliomaster constantii
  • Spotted star throat: Heliomaster squamosus
  • Blue crown star throat: Heliomaster furcifer
  • White-bellied mountain delicacy: Lampornis hemileucus
  • Blue-throated Mountaingem: Lampornis clemenciae
  • Amethyst Throat Gem: Lampornis amethystinus
  • Green-throated mountain delicacies: Lampornis viridipallens
  • Green-breasted mountain treasure: Lampornis sybillae
  • Purple Throat: Lampornis calolaemus
  • Graytail Mountain Gem: Lampornis cinereicauda
  • Diphtheria: Lampornis castaneoventris
  • Garnet-throated hummingbird: Lamprolaima rhami
  • Amethyst Woodstar: Calliphox amethystina
  • Purple-collared Jupiter: Myrtis fanny
  • Oasis Hummingbird: Rhodopis vesper
  • Short-tailed Jupiter: Myrmia micrura
  • Peruvian cuttail fish: Thaumastura cora
  • Magenta-throated Woodstar: Philodice bryantae
  • Purple-throated Jupiter: Philodice mitchellii
  • Jupiter, Chile: Eulidia yarrellii
  • Slender-tailed Woodstar: Microstilbon burmeisteri
  • White-bellied Jupiter: Chaetocercus mulsant
  • Little Woodstar: Chaetocercus bombus
  • Feed Jupiter: Chaetocercus heliodor
  • Santa Marta Woodstar: Chaetocercus astreans
  • Esmereldas Woodstar: Chaetocercus berlepschi
  • Red Axis Jupiter: Chaetocercus jourdanii
  • Sparkling Jupiter: Tilmatura dupontii
  • Slender cuttail fish: Doricha enicura
  • Mexican bobtail cat: Doricha eliza
  • Lucifer Sheartail: Calothorax lucifer
  • Beautiful Sheartail: Calothorax pulcher
  • Black-jawed hummingbird: Archilochus alexandri
  • Ruby-throated hummingbird: Archilochus colubris
  • Verbena hummingbird: Mellisuga minima
  • Hummingbird: Mellisuga helenae
  • Bahama Woodstar: Nesophlox evelynae
  • Inagua Woodstar: Nesophlox lyrura
  • Anna's Hummingbird: Calypte anna
  • Costa's Hummingbird : Calypte costae
  • Calliope Hummingbird: Selasphorus calliope
  • Rufous Hummingbird: Selasphorus rufus
  • Allen's Hummingbird: Selasphorus sasin
  • Broad-tailed Hummingbird: Selasphorus platycercus
  • Hornet Hummingbird: Selasphorus heloisa
  • Wine-throated hummingbird: Selasphorus ellioti
  • Volcanic Hummingbird: Selasphorus flammula
  • Scintillating Hummingbird: Selasphorus scintilla
  • Ruby-throated hummingbird: Selasphorus ardens
  • Dusky Hummingbird: Phaeoptila sordida
  • Cuban Emerald: Riccordia ricordii
  • Brace's Emerald: Riccordia bracei
  • Spanish emeralds: Riccordia swainsonii
  • Puerto Rican Emerald: Riccordia maugaeus
  • Blue-headed Hummingbird: Riccordia bicolor
  • Broad-billed Hummingbird: Cynanthus latirostris
  • Tres Marias Hummingbird: Cynanthus lawrencei
  • Turquoise-Crowned Hummingbird: Cynanthus doubledayi
  • Golden Crown Emerald: Cynanthus auriceps
  • Cozumel Emerald: Cynanthus forficatus
  • Emeralds of Canivet: Cynanthus canivetii
  • Garden Emeralds: Chlorostilbon assimilis
  • Western Emerald: Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus
  • Red-billed emerald: Chlorostilbon gibsoni
  • Blue Tail Emerald: Chlorostilbon mellisugus
  • Chiribiquete Emerald: Chlorostilbon olivaresi
  • Flash belly jadeite: Chlorostilbon lucidus
  • Copper Emerald: Chlorostilbon russatus
  • Narrow-tailed Emerald: Chlorostilbon stenurus
  • Green Tail Emerald: Chlorostilbon alice
  • Short-tailed Emerald: Chlorostilbon poortmani
  • White-eared Hummingbird: Basilinna leucotis
  • Hummingbird of Xantus: Basilinna xantusii
  • Curved-winged sword-winged: Pampa curvipennis
  • Wedge-tailed Sword Wing: Pampa pampa
  • Rufous Saber Wing: Pampa rufa
  • Emerald-jawed hummingbird: Abeillia abeillei
  • Purple-headed Hummingbird: Klais guimeti
  • Antilles Crested Hummingbird: Orthorhyncus cristatus
  • Santa Marta Blossom crown: Anthocephala floriceps
  • Tolima Blossomcrown: Anthocephala berlepschi
  • Green-crested Plover: Stephanoxis lalandi
  • Purple Crowned Plover: Stephanoxis loddigesii
  • Grey-breasted Swordwing: Campylopterus largipennis
  • Outcropping Sword Wing: Campylopterus calcirupicola
  • Diamantina Sabrewing: Campylopterus diamantinensis
  • Red-breasted Saber Wing: Campylopterus hyperythrus
  • White-tailed Swordwing: Campylopterus ensipennis
  • Lazuline Sabrewing: Campylopterus falcatus
  • Santa Marta Sabrewing: Campylopterus phainopeplus
  • Purple Swordwing: Campylopterus hemileucurus
  • Buff-breasted Sabrewing: Campylopterus duidae
  • Napo Sabrewing: Campylopterus villaviscensio
  • Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer: Chalybura urocrysia
  • White-vented Plumeleteer: Chalybura buffonii
  • Crowned wood nymph: Thalurania colombica
  • Forktail wood nymph: Thalurania furcata
  • Long-tailed forest nymph: Thalurania watertonii
  • Purple Topwood Nymph: Thalurania glaucopis
  • Snowcap: Microchera albocoronata
  • Copperhead Emerald: Microchera cupreiceps
  • Whitetail Emerald: Microchera chionura
  • Purple-crowned Hummingbird: Goldmania violiceps
  • Peel's Hummingbird: Goldmania bella
  • Mexican Forest Nymph: Eupherusa ridgwayi
  • White-tailed Hummingbird: Eupherusa poliocerca
  • Oaxaca Hummingbird: Eupherusa cyanophrys
  • Striped-tailed Hummingbird: Eupherusa eximia
  • Black-bellied Hummingbird: Eupherusa nigriventris
  • Scale-breasted hummingbird: Phaeochroa cuvierii
  • Buffy Hummingbird: Leucippus fallax
  • Tumbes hummingbird: Thaumasius baeri
  • Spot-throated hummingbird: Thaumasius taczanowskii
  • Spotted Hummingbird: Taphrospilus hypostictus
  • Swallow-tailed Hummingbird: Eupetomena macroura
  • Gloomy Hummingbird: Eupetomena cirrochloris
  • Olive-spotted hummingbird: Talaphorus chlorocercus
  • Red-billed streamer: Trochilus polytmus
  • Black-billed Streamertail: Trochilus scitulus
  • Purple-crowned Hummingbird: Ramosomyia violiceps
  • Green-fronted Hummingbird: Ramosomyia viridifrons
  • Cinnamon Hummingbird: Ramosomyia wagneri
  • Blue-crowned hummingbird: Saucerottia cyanocephala
  • Blue Vented Hummingbird: Saucerottia hoffmanni
  • Berylline Hummingbird: Saucerottia beryllina
  • Blue-tailed hummingbird: Saucerottia cyanura
  • Snowbellied Hummingbird: Saucerottia edward
  • Steely Hummingbird: Saucerottia saucerottei
  • Blue-crowned hummingbird: Saucerottia cyanifrons
  • Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird: Saucerottia castaneiventris
  • Green-bellied Hummingbird: Saucerottia viridigaster
  • Copper-tailed hummingbird: Saucerottia cupreicauda
  • Copper-rumped hummingbird: Saucerottia tobaci
  • Cinnamon Hummingbird: Amazilia rutila
  • Yellow-bellied Hummingbird: Amazilia yucatanensis
  • Rufous-tailed Hummingbird: Amazilia tzacatl
  • Honduran Emerald: Amazilia luciae
  • Mangrove Hummingbird: Amazilia boucardi
  • Amazilla Hummingbird: Amazilis amazilia
  • Andean emeralds: Uranomitra franciae
  • Shimmering Green Hummingbird: Chrysuronia goudoti
  • Goldtail Sapphire: Chrysuronia oenone
  • Variegated Emerald: Chrysuronia versicolor
  • Sapphire-throated hummingbird: Chrysuronia coeruleogularis
  • Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird: Chrysuronia lilliae
  • Humboldt sapphire: Chrysuronia humboldtii
  • Blue-headed sapphire: Chrysuronia grayi
  • White-breasted Emerald: Chrysuronia brevirostris
  • Flat belly jadeite: Chrysuronia leucogaster
  • White-throated hummingbird: Leucochloris albicollis
  • Flash-throated hummingbird: Chionomesa fimbriata
  • Sapphire Sparkle Emerald: Chionomesa lactea
  • Red-throated sapphire: Hylocharis sapphirina
  • Gold-plated sapphire: Hylocharis chrysura
  • White-bellied hummingbird: Elliotomyia chionogaster
  • Green and white hummingbird: Elliotomyia viridicauda
  • Blue-breasted hummingbird: Polyerata amabilis
  • Charming Hummingbird: Polyerata decora
  • Purple-breasted Hummingbird: Polyerata rosenbergi
  • White belly jadeite: Chlorestes candida
  • Blue-throated sapphire: Chlorestes eliciae
  • White Chin Sapphire: Chlorestes cyanus
  • Purple belly sapphire: Chlorestes julie
  • Blue Chin Sapphire: Chlorestes notata

See all 104 animals that start with H

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about the author

Corinna Seibel


My name is Corinna! In my profile photo you can see me with one of my two cats, Bisky! The other is Yma, a beautiful black Bombay cat. I'm 24 years old and live in Birmingham, Alabama with my partner, Anastasia, and enjoy making music, collecting records, and reading in my free time. Some of the other animals I own are a hamster, two chihuahuas, and many different kinds of fish.

Hummingbird FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Do hummingbirds migrate?

These birds occupy parts of North America during the summer. However, most of these small birds migrate elsewhere.

How many eggs does a hummingbird lay?

Female hummingbirds lay two eggs at a time.

How Fast Do Hummingbirds Fly?

Some hummingbirds fly at about 90 kilometers per hour.

What is the wingspan of a hummingbird?

On average, most hummingbirds have a wingspan in the range of three to five inches.

When Do Hummingbirds Leave The Nest?

Hummingbird chicks leave the nest about 18 to 28 days after birth.

Can Hummingbirds Hurt You?

Yes, hummingbirds will attack humans when they are aggressive.

Are hummingbirds connected to humans?

Yes, hummingbirds can bond with humans as well as attach to the people who feed them. They sometimes even perch on fingers.

How do you make hummingbird food?

To make nectar syrup or treats, you can dissolve a teaspoon of table sugar in hot water. Hummingbird food can be made by mixing one teaspoon of table sugar with four teaspoons of hot water.

How Fast Do Hummingbird Wings Beat Their Wings?

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Hummingbirds beat their wings about 10 to 15 times per second. Sometimes, they can even flap their wings 30 times, and even up to 200 times.

How many species of hummingbirds are there?

There are about 350 different known species of hummingbirds.

Are hummingbirds herbivores, carnivores or omnivores?

Hummingbirds are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and other animals.

To which kingdom do hummingbirds belong?

Hummingbirds belong to the animal kingdom.

Which category do hummingbirds belong to?

Hummingbirds belong to the class Aves.

What phylum do hummingbirds belong to?

Hummingbirds belong to the phylum Chordate.

What family do hummingbirds belong to?

Hummingbirds belong to the hummingbird family.

What order do hummingbirds belong to?

Hummingbirds belong to the order Hummingbirds.

What Type of Mulch Do Hummingbirds Have?

Hummingbirds are covered in feathers.

What genus do hummingbirds belong to?

Hummingbirds belong to the genus Trochilinae.

What type of habitat do hummingbirds live in?

Hummingbirds live in tropical rainforests and tropical jungles.

What is the main prey of hummingbirds?

Hummingbirds eat nectar, sap, insects, and spiders.

Who are the natural enemies of hummingbirds?

Predators of hummingbirds include hawks, snakes, and lizards.

What are the distinctive features of hummingbirds?

Hummingbirds have elongated beaks and the ability to hover.

Interesting facts about hummingbirds?

Hummingbirds beat their wings up to 80 times per second!

What is the lifespan of a hummingbird?

Hummingbirds can live 3 to 5 years.

How do hummingbirds give birth?

Hummingbirds lay eggs.

Praying Mantis vs Hummingbird: Who Will Win The Battle?

The praying mantis would win the battle with the hummingbird. While it might seem completely counterintuitive to have bugs capable of killing birds, the truth is that hummingbirds are not well suited to kill other creatures.

Thanks for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the 10hunting.com editorial team.

source
  1. Discover Wildlife, available here: https://www.discoverwildlife.com/animal-facts/birds/facts-about-hummingbirds/
  2. Wikipedia, available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hummingbird
  3. Kaytee, available here: https://www.kaytee.com/learn-care/wild-bird/hummingbird-facts
  4. Birds & Blooms, available here: https://www.birdsandblooms.com/birding/bucket-list-hummingbird-lovers/
  5. Encyclopedia Britannica, available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/giant-hummingbird
  6. The Spruce Pets, available here: https://www.thespruce.com/fun-facts-about-hummingbirds-387106
  7. Perky Pet, available here: https://www.perkypet.com/advice/hummingbirds-101/hummingbird-protection
  8. Birds of the World, available here: https://birdsoftheworld.org/bow/species/rthhum/cur/introduction
  9. Hummingbirds of Chamizal National Memorial (1970) www.nps.gov/cham/learn/nature/upload/Hummingbirds-of-Chamizal_english.pdf