A-z - Animals

jack russell

Jack Russell as a pet:

general health
energy level
chewing tendency
family and kid friendly

separation anxiety
preferred temperature
average climate
exercise needs
be friendly with other dogs
Thoroughbred Cost of Ownership
$800 to $2,500
pack of dogs
male weight
9-15 lbs
female weight
9-15 lbs

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Jack Russell Terriers, also known as Jack Russell Terriers, are very active, intelligent and curious dogs. They were bred to assist in fox hunting and will be more than happy when they get a job helping their owners.

They can make great family dogs for families with older children, but need regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them from becoming destructive. For the most part, Jack Russell Terriers will do best in an experienced owner who has the necessary time to dedicate to training and caring for the breed.

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Owning a Jack Russell: 3 Pros and Cons

advantage! shortcoming!
GOOD FAMILY DOG : These dogs can make great pets for older children. They are loving and playful. Frequent barking : Jack Russells are very talkative dogs and often bark a lot.
Ease of Grooming : Jack Russells are easier to groom than many other breeds. Can Be Aggressive : Jack Russells can be very assertive and can be aggressive towards other dogs or young children.
Affectionate : Jack Russells are very affectionate and love to cuddle with their owners. High Exercise Needs : They need regular exercise to keep them from being destructive.
Purebred Jack Russell Terrier dog on the grass outdoors on a sunny spring day.

© BIGANDT.COM/Shutterstock.com

jack russell origins

Jack Russells originated in England in the early 19th century. Bred strictly for hunting, this dog has a broad genetic makeup that can be traced back to the now extinct English White Terrier.

The breed takes its name from Reverend John Russell, a hunting enthusiast who developed one of the finest terrier breeds in Devon, England, in the late 1800's. Jack Russell has the following characteristics:

  • White so as not to be confused with foxes.
  • Hard, thick fur protects their skin.
  • The spirit of the brave hunter.

size and weight

The Jack Russell Terrier is a small breed of dog. Males and females are about the same size, usually weighing between 9 and 15 pounds and standing between 10 and 12 inches. When puppies are three months old, they usually weigh between 6 and 8 pounds. By the time puppies are six months old, they will weigh between 9 and 11 pounds. Dogs will finish growing at about 12 months of age.

Jack Russell's Health and Recreation

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height (male) 10 inches to 12 inches
height (female) 10 inches to 12 inches
weight (male) 9 lbs to 15 lbs
weight (female) 9 lbs to 15 lbs

common health problems

Overall, these terriers are a healthy breed. However, there are still some health issues that are more common with this breed that you need to be aware of.

One potential problem in these dogs is patellar luxation. This problem occurs when the three bones around the knee, the patella (kneecap), femur, and tibia, are not aligned properly. This can be very painful for Jack Russell and may require surgery to correct.

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Glaucoma is another health problem for them. Glaucoma causes increased pressure in the eye, which can lead to damage to the optic nerve. Eventually, this can lead to blindness in Jack Russell terriers.

These dogs also have a higher rate of deafness than some other breeds. Deafness is a genetic problem that cannot be reversed. Some people may become completely deaf, while others may only partially lose their hearing.

In summary, some common health issues to watch out for in Jack Russells include:

  • Patella luxation
  • glaucoma
  • deafness or hearing loss

Temperament and Behavior

These dogs have very inquisitive and inquisitive personalities. They will quickly find new insects in your garden, so be careful not to let them eat the newly hatched cicadas! They are also very intelligent dogs and need exercise very much. However, if they don't get enough exercise and mental stimulation, Jack Russells may display destructive behavior when left alone.

Jack Russell traits can also make them great family dogs. They are very playful and affectionate with their family.

dog, jumping, play, fun, toy
The Jack Russell is an energetic, lively dog with an insatiable appetite for adventure.


How to Care for a Jack Russell

These dogs require a unique care plan from other dogs. As you prepare to care for your dog, keep their temperament, potential health issues, exercise needs, nutritional needs, and more in mind.

feed your jack russell

Adult dogs typically need 1.25 to 1.75 cups of dog food per day. Always choose a high-quality and nutritious dog food for your dog, and consult your veterinarian if you need help choosing the best option. Different factors affect the exact amount of food your dog needs. These include his weight, activity level, age and health issues. Likewise, your dog's veterinarian is a good source of information if you're not sure how much he should be eating. It is generally recommended to divide the total daily food intake of a Jack Russell Terrier into two smaller meals.

Since puppies have small stomachs, it's important to feed them small, frequent meals. Young puppies need about three to four meals a day. Once the dog is between five and six months old, two meals a day should be enough. Because puppies need more protein and calories per pound than adults, most puppies eat the same amount of food as adults.

Fromm dog food
Jack Russells need to be fed twice a day, but should not be fed ad libitum as they are prone to overeating.

©Javier Brosch/Shutterstock.com

Best Food at Jack Russell

AZ Animals says the best dog food for Jack Russels is Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Natural Adult Small Breed Dry Dog Food.

Jack Russells tend to be very healthy, so most owners don't have to worry too much about tailoring their diets to any major health concerns. But you still want the best for your little mate, so at least find a quality dog food that meets their basic nutritional needs.

This dog food covers all the bases in Jack Russels. Taurine helps maintain eye health and vision, as the breed may eventually develop glaucoma. Eggs and fish provide important omegas and DHA, and the content of glucosamine is 400 m/kg, which strengthens joint protection and prevents patellar dislocation. There are even natural anti-inflammatory ingredients like turmeric.

You can find Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Natural Small Breed Dog Food on Amazon.

best for small dogs

Maintenance and Grooming

These dogs require less maintenance and grooming than other breeds. Their coat may be smooth, ragged or rough. Smooth-coated Jack Russells need a soft brush about once a week. Coarse, broken hair does not require additional grooming, but should still be brushed once a week.

Type of coat

Coats are divided into three distinct categories:

  • smooth coat
  • Shaggy coat
  • torn coat

Smooth Coats have no hair marks on the face, head, legs or body. The rough coat has excess hair covering the entire body. A broken coat is a combination of smooth and rough coats.

jack russell terrier
Smooth-coated terriers have short hair and a smooth appearance.


In addition to brushing your terrier's teeth, it's important to brush their teeth several times a week, trim their nails to keep them from getting too long or sore, and inspect their ears to remove excess wax, dirt, or other debris. crumbs.

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Jack Russell Terriers are intelligent dogs who are eager to please their owners. These characteristics can make them easier to train than some other breeds. However, due to their intelligence, they also get bored easily, which makes training them an even greater challenge. For this reason, be sure to keep your training sessions exciting and varied. These dogs do best with positive reinforcement and do not respond well to punishment-based training methods.


These retrievers are very active and energetic dogs. They need regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Possible ways to exercise these dogs include hiking, long walks, playing in the backyard, or playing with older children.


It is very important to start training your puppy right away when you bring your puppy home. This will help him or her understand what to expect and the appropriate way to interact in different situations and around other dogs and people.

Before you bring your dog home, you want to make sure your home is puppy proof. Move anything that you don't want to see destroyed by the puppy or that could be a potential hazard to your new dog. Also, make sure you have the bed, collar and leash, food, treats, and other supplies ready before bringing your Jack Russell home.

Gorgeous puppy of Jack Russell Terrier in the garden

© Zuzule/Shutterstock.com

jack russell and kids

With proper training and care, these terriers can make excellent family dogs. They are very playful, loving and loyal to their family members. However, these dogs can be hyperactive and might be a bit much for babies or toddlers.

It's important to make sure these dogs' needs for exercise and stimulation are being met to keep them from becoming overactive. Although they are great with children, it is always important to supervise children around them and other dog breeds. This is especially true for young children who may not yet know how to properly interact with dogs.

dog similar to jack russell

Three breeds that are similar to these dogs are the Boston terrier, the Basenjis, and the Norfolk terrier.

  • Boston Terrier: Both the Boston Terrier and the Jack Russell are small dogs that are very affectionate and adapt easily to new situations. One of the differences between the two breeds is their history. Jack Russells were bred to be hunting dogs, while Boston terriers were bred to be companion dogs.
  • Basenjis: Both Basenjis and Jack Russells are high-energy dogs that need a lot of exercise. Basenjis' average male weight is slightly larger at 24 pounds, compared to Jack Russell's average weight of 14.5 pounds.
  • Norfolk Terrier: Both the Norfolk terrier and the Jack Russell are very playful. These two breeds are also more vocal than many other dog breeds. Jack Russells have higher intelligence than Norfolk terriers and are more likely to try to chase and catch what they think is prey.

famous jack russell

These terriers are a very popular breed, so it's no surprise that there are quite a few famous Jack Russells:

  • Uggie is a famous dog who has appeared in films such as 2011's "Water for Elephants" and 2011's "The Artist".
  • Beth and Bluebell are Jack Russell terriers rescued by Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.
  • Moose and Enzo are the dogs who played Eddie Crane on the sitcom Frasier.

If you've been looking for the right name for your dog, check out the list below:

  • Jack
  • hunter
  • hurry
  • Charlie
  • bolt
  • molly
  • lily
  • Ella
  • Sophia
  • Trish


  • What are Jack Russell Terriers bred for? Original roles, jobs, history, and more
  • 5 Must-See Dog Movies That Will Break Your Heart

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about the author

I was born in New York, got my journalism degree from Boston University, took a detour to San Diego, and am now back in New York. I love traveling with my husband, but always miss my favorite little Peanuts, half Chihuahua/half Jack Russell, all the trouble. We are certified to dive so one day we can dive with great white sharks and I hope I can swim with orcas too. If my house fits it, I'll add a pig – or a sloth.

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Jack Russells FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Is Jack Russell a herbivore, carnivore or omnivore?

Jack Russells are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and other animals.

To which kingdom did Jack Russell belong?

Jack Russell belongs to the animal kingdom.

What class does Jack Russell belong to?

Jack Russell belongs to the class Mammalia.

Which door does Jack Russels belong to?

Jack Russell belongs to the phylum Chordata.

What family does Jack Russell belong to?

Jack Russell belongs to the canine family.

What order does Jack Russels belong to?

Jack Russells belong to the order Carnivora.

What genus does Jack Russell belong to?

Jack Russell belongs to the genus Canis.

What type of covers does Jack Russels have?

Jack Russell has hair all over his head.

What are the interesting facts about Jack Russell?

Jack Russell is smart, strong and fearless!

What is the scientific name of Jack Russell?

Jack Russell's scientific name is Canis lupus.

What is the lifespan of a Jack Russell?

Jack Russells can live 12 to 14 years.

How much does it cost to own a Jack Russell?

The price of buying a Jack Russell Terrier can vary, but on average, you should spend around $1,500. Some puppies can cost as little as $800, while others can cost as much as $2,500. As with other breeds, be skeptical when buying a very low-priced Jack Russell Terrier, as breeders may not be honest about their health. If you adopt a Jack Russell from a shelter, it can cost hundreds of dollars to cover paperwork and vaccinations.

Jack Russell Terrier mixes are also popular. One popular combination is the Jack Russell Terrier and the Beagle. The combination is called Jack-A-Bee, and you can usually buy one for around $600. A Jack Russell and Australian Terrier mix is another popular choice. These Australian terriers can cost close to $1,000.

In addition to the cost of buying or adopting a Jack Russell Terrier, don't forget to budget for your dog's expenses. Consider costs including food, veterinary care, training, and other supplies. Since you'll have to buy more during the first year of owning the dog, expect to spend up to $1,500. For subsequent years, you should budget $500 to $1,000 to cover expenses.

Are Jack Russell Terriers Good for Raising a Family?

Yes, Jack Russells can make great family dogs, especially for families with older children. These dogs are very active and playful, but they can also be very affectionate with those they love.

Is Jack Russell cute?

Yes, Jack Russells can be very cute dogs. They love being around their owners, giving and receiving attention.

How do you train Jack Russell?

When training a Jack Russell Terrier, it is important to choose positive methods with rewards. Try to avoid punishing negative behaviors and instead focus on rewarding and praising positive behaviors. Since Jack Russells are designed to please others, they'll quickly learn which actions make you happy and which don't.

What does Jack Russell look like?

Jack Russells are predominantly white with black or tan markings. They may have smooth or rough coats. The body of the Jack Russell is small and muscular. They usually weigh only 9 to 15 pounds and stand only 10 to 12 inches tall.

What's the Difference Between a Jack Russell Terrier and a Parson Russell Terrier?

The main way to tell the difference between a Jack Russell and a Parson Russell is by their size. Jack Russells weigh between 11 and 17 pounds and stand between 10 and 15 inches tall. They also have shorter legs compared to Parson Russells.

What's the Difference Between a Jack Russell Terrier and a Beagle?

There are many differences between Jack Russell Terriers and Beagles. Beagles are larger on average than Jack Russells, and Jack Russells are more territorial than Beagles.

How long does a Jack Russell live?

The average lifespan of a Jack Russell is between 13-16 years.

What's the Difference Between a Rat Terrier and a Jack Russell?

Rat terriers are taller and heavier than Jack Russells. It also has a lower energy level, which helps with its trainability. Also, unlike the British Jack Russell, the Rat Terrier originated in the United States.

Check other differences here!

What's the Difference Between a Toy Fox Terrier and a Jack Russell Terrier?

The biggest difference between the Toy Fox Terrier (TFT) and the Jack Russell Terrier is their size and morphological characteristics. In particular, the Toy Fox Terrier is smaller than the Jack Russell Terrier, weighing between 4 and 9 pounds, standing between 8 and 11.5 inches tall, with erect ears, a muscular body, and a short, smooth coat. Jack Russell Terriers, meanwhile, weigh 13-18 pounds and stand 10-15 inches tall and are known for their button-down or drooping ears and smooth, rough, or broken coat.

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  2. Dogtime, available here: https://dogtime.com/dog-breeds/jack-russell-terrier#/slide/1
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