A-z - Animals

maine coon

maine facts

interesting fact
It is the largest domestic cat breed in the world.
unique features
Large pointed ears with tufts of hair.
other names)
Coon cat, Maine Coon cat, Maine Coon cat, American Longhair cat, American Coon cat, American Forest cat
intelligent, caring and affectionate

Maine Coon Physical Characteristics

  • Brown
  • Red
  • blue
  • Black
  • white
  • the gold
  • cream
  • silver
skin type
10-15 years old
Up to 15 lbs for women and 25 lbs for men

This post may contain affiliate links to our partners such as Chewy, Amazon, etc. These purchases help us further AZ Animals' mission of educating the world's species.

See all Maine Coon pictures!

The Maine Coon is a domestic cat known as the gentle giant because of its medium to large size, which contrasts with its gentle, sweet, balanced personality. Although it started as a mousetrap, it is popular as a family, companion, and therapy pet, perfect for children, dogs, and other cats. Its popularity is second only to Persia.

Features: Know Before You Buy

Here are some important things you need to know before buying a Maine Coon:

  • This is a fluffy medium hair cat! You can expect to brush your teeth regularly. Due to its high grooming needs, you should brush it daily. However, its fur is straight and smooth without tangles or knots.
  • It likes water. Unlike other breeds, you will have no trouble bathing your cat.
  • The Maine Coon is the largest domestic cat. This means it may need a larger litter box, depending on its size. Also, as we age, it's prone to hip dysplasia.

You can check out more incredible facts about the Maine Coon.

Biggest Maine Coon
The Maine Coon is the largest domestic cat breed in the world.

©Sergey Ginak/Shutterstock.com

breed history

Maine Coons may be descended from Siberian forest cats or Norwegian forest cats brought to North America by settlers, but their exact origins are unknown. There is also a legend that in 1793, Marie Antoinette, fearing her own death, loaded six of her most cherished Turkish Angoras and Siberians, along with other important possessions, on a ship bound for the New World boat. The ship, piloted by Captain Samuel Clough, landed off the coast of Wiscaset, Maine, where the cats may have been rescued and bred with other cats or bred in the wild.

A wilder story is that the Maine Coon was bred by interbreeding with a raccoon, but this is unlikely, although it is speculated that the Maine Coon's tail closely resembles that of a raccoon. These unusual cats were written by FR Pierce in the 1860's, who owned several cats. In the same decade, Maine farmers held a contest called the "Maine Champion Coon." They soon became part of other cat shows, such as one held in Boston and New York City in 1895. At the latter show, a Maine Coon brown tabby named Cosey won a silver collar and a best of show medal.

Read more  poisonous snake

Maine Coon Health and Recreation

Check out all of our expert product reviews.

Although the Maine Coon was initially popular, they were forgotten for many years as other long-haired breeds were introduced in the United States. Due to some claims that they were extinct in 1950, the Central Maine Coon Club was formed to protect and breed this unique cat breed. The Maine Coons didn't qualify for the championship until 1976. Today, they are the third most popular cat breed in the United States and the state cat of Maine Coon.

Maine Coon Relaxing On Bed
A legend links the origin of the Maine Coon to the long-haired cats that Marie Antoinette shipped to America in 1793.

©iStock.com/Larisa Stefanuyk


Maine Coons' personalities have earned them the nickname "the dogs of the cat world." They are loyal, sociable, affectionate, docile, playful and intelligent.

Maine Coons are curious and patient. This makes training easy. This outdoor cat became a working breed for hunting rodents, but it is also often used as a therapy cat.

Although initially timid or reserved around strange people and animals, it quickly warms up and becomes friendly. While not a lap cat, it wants to be close to people, but it doesn't need it too much.

It's not loud, but it has the chirps and trills it's known for. Owners can expect responses in the form of these chirps and trills, not meows.

The largest domestic cat, the Maine Coon has a distinctive appearance and superb hunting skills
Maine Coons have a patient temperament and have been used as therapy animals.

©Mirt Alexander/Shutterstock.com

size and weight

The Maine Coon is a medium to giant domestic cat with large, slightly round eyes, tufted ears and toes, and a medium-length fur that adds to its size. It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America and is the official state cat of Maine, the native cat of Maine. As such, it can adapt to harsh conditions, with a strong bone, muscular build and a smooth, shaggy coat. Its coat is long on the neck, tail, and belly, but is medium on the body.

Maine Coon cats generally come in medium, large, or giant sizes. On average, Maine Coon cats are large, especially males. While both males and females can reach a weight of 8-12 pounds, the average male is 15-25 pounds and the female is 10-15 pounds. This makes females medium-sized and males large to giant. Adult males and females average 10-16 inches in length and can be up to 38 inches long, including tail, up to 14 inches long.

tallest pussy
Maine coons can be medium, large, or giant, but on average they are large, especially males.



The price you pay for a Maine Coon cat depends on where you get it. The price is the standard adoption fee from bailout onwards. From a respected breeder, an adult cat can cost $1,600-$2,000, with show grade cats costing more than pet grade cats. From backyard breeders, the cost can be as low as $700.

From a reputable dealer, Maine Coon cats typically cost between $1600 and $2000.

© Ankord – Public Domain


Breeders sell Maine Coon kittens for $800-$2,000. Display quality kittens are sold for a higher price than pet quality kittens or kittens from backyard breeders. If you decide to get your Maine Coon kitten from a rescue organization, it may be a hybrid, and the fee will be the standard adoption fee. Maine Coon mothers give birth to an average of 5 kittens per litter.

Three red and two dark Maine Coon cats sit on a windowsill
Female Maine Coon cats produce an average of five kittens per litter.

© Andrew Weir/Shutterstock.com


These cats have a lifespan of 9-13 years with an average lifespan of 12.5 years. Some examples of health issues that may affect their quality of life or longevity are arthritis, dental health issues, kidney problems, and cancer. To reduce the risk of a Maine Coon developing health problems, consider a respected breeder who will perform a health check on its parents and can provide you with a health certificate for adoption. At 31, a Maine Coon cat named Rubble has become one of the oldest cats ever to live.

Read more  How big was the world's oldest crocodile?
Pumpkin Pet Insurance
Maine Coon cats have a life expectancy of 9-13 years.

© iStock.com/krblokhin

Varieties and Mixes

These cats have specific coat color and pattern standards for being purebreds, but some of these traits carry over into Maine Coon mixes. As a result, Maine Coon mixes have uniquely diluted coat colors, often crossed with Siamese or Abyssinian cats: chocolate, cinnamon, fawn, caramel, apricot, lilac and lavender. Distinctive coat patterns are Abyssinian (agouti), Himalayan, or any of these mixed with white.

Maine Coon Types and Colors

The cats are divided into different types based on coat color and pattern, with a total of 84 possible types and 75 officially recognized types. Below are some of the most common.

  • Solid Colors – Black, Blue, Cream, White, Silver, Brown, Gold, and Red (Orange).
  • Variegated —tortoiseshell, calico (tri-color), blue cream, and tortoiseshell/white. This combination usually only occurs in females, who can inherit more than one color.
  • Two-color – two-color, but one of the colors is white, such as black/white, blue/white, cream/white, and red (orange)/white.
  • Tabby — a striped cat with classic pattern (swirls of butterflies on the shoulders), mackerel pattern (narrow parallel stripes), tabby and checkered pattern (several bands of color in each hair, and with stripes). Brown tabbies are the most common, while tick patterns are only accepted by certain cat associations' breed standards.
  • tabby white
  • shade (smoky)
  • shade (smoky) white
Norwegian forest cat lying outside among some flowers
Maine Coon cats are sometimes confused with Norwegian Forest cats.

©Elisa Putti/Shutterstock.com

Maine Coon vs Norwegian Forest Cat

The origin of the Maine Coon is unclear, but it is said to be related to the Norwegian Forest cat and the Siberian cat. Its progenitor was most likely Marie Antoinette's Turkish Angora (or Siberian), brought in by Captain Charles Coon in the 1800s. These long-haired cats were then mated with short-haired breeds, resulting in a mid-hair shaggy coat.

That being said, there are some subtle differences between a Maine Coon and a Norwegian Forest Cat. For one thing, the Norwegian Forest cat has a more even and silky coat. There are no wrinkles at the neck. This is followed by differences in head and facial features. The Main Coon has large, slightly rounded eyes, a square head, high cheekbones and a friendly expression, while the Norwegian Forest cat has almond shaped eyes, a triangular head, flattened nose and a more serious expression. Finally, there are differences in behavior and character. Maine Coon cats are somewhere between independence and poverty, preferring to play and be with people, while Norwegian Forest cats prefer to relax by themselves.

Read more  Birds: different types, definitions, photos and more
Domestic cats eat cat food, rodents, birds, and fruit.

See all 161 animals that start with M

about the author

Abby Parks is the author of novels, plays, short stories, poems and lyrics. She has recorded two albums of her original songs and is a multi-instrumentalist. She manages a folk music website and writes about singer-songwriters, folk bands, and other music-related articles. She is also a radio DJ for folk music shows. As well as being a pet parent of rabbits, birds, dogs and cats, Abby enjoys hunting for animals in the wild and has witnessed some of the more exotic ones such as puffins in the Farne Islands, puffins in Chiloe Southern Pudu (Chile), penguins in the wild, and countless wildlife of the Rocky Mountains (bighorn sheep, goats, moose, elk, marmots, beavers).

Maine Coon FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Are Maine Coon cats herbivores, carnivores or omnivores?

Maine Coons are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and other animals.

What kingdom does the Maine Coon belong to?

The Maine Coon belongs to the animal kingdom.

Which category is the Maine Coon cat in?

The Maine Coon belongs to the class Mammalia.

What door do Maine Coon cats belong to?

The Maine Coon belongs to the phylum Chordate.

What family do Maine Coon cats belong to?

Maine Coon cats belong to the cat family.

What order does the Maine Coon belong to?

The Maine Coon belongs to the order Carnivora.

What genus does the Maine Coon belong to?

Maine Coon cats belong to the cat family.

What type of mulch do Maine Coon cats have?

The Maine Coon is covered in hair.

How many children does a Maine Coon have?

The average number of babies for a Maine Coon is 5.

What are some interesting facts about Maine Coons?

Folklore says that a Maine Coon is half cat, half raccoon!

What is the scientific name of the Maine Coon?

The scientific name of the Maine Coon cat is Felis catus.

How much is a Maine Coon cat?

The price of a Maine Coon cat is between $700-2000.

How big is a Maine Coon cat?

Maine Coons come in medium, large, or giant sizes, but are usually larger.

Are Maine Coon Cats Good Pets?

Yes, Maine Coons make excellent pets and are great with children, dogs, and other cats.

Why is my Maine Coon cat so aggressive?

Aggression is not typical behavior for Maine Coon cats and most breeders do not have this problem. If your cat is a rescuer, the cat may have been abused or neglected previously, or may have been stressed during the adoption process. However, it can be social. On the other hand, if your cat suddenly becomes aggressive, there could be an underlying medical problem, overstimulation, perceived threat from other pets or territory, boredom, family tension, or protective maternal instincts.

How long do Maine Coon cats live?

9-13 years old, with an average of 12.5 years old.

What's the difference between a Ragdoll and a Maine Coon?

The main differences between a Ragdoll and a Maine Coon include their size, facial features, coat, personality, and environmental requirements.

What Do Maine Coon Cats Eat?

Depending on size, a Maine Coon cat can eat between 190 and 875 calories per day. Keep protein intake to 35% to 50% of your diet and limit fat to a moderate amount in your diet.

What's the difference between Ragamuffin and Main Coon?

Ragamuffin and Maine Coon differ in size, temperament, and breed origin.

Thanks for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the 10hunting.com editorial team.

  1. Pet Finder, available here: https://www.petfinder.com/cat-breeds/maine-coon/
  2. Hill's pet, available here: https://www.hillspet.com/cat-care/cat-breeds/maine-coon
  3. Cat Lovers Association, available here: https://cfa.org/maine-coon-cat/
  4. Epic Pet Club, available here: https://epicpetclub.com/how-much-does-a-maine-coon-cat-cost/
  5. Spend on pets, available here: https://spendonpet.com/maine-coon-cat-cost/
  6. Maine Coon Nation, available here: https://www.maine-coon-cat-nation.com/coat.html
  7. World Cat Congress, available here: https://www.worldcatcongress.org/wp/cat_breed_comp_mco.php
  8. Maine Coon, available here: https://mainecoonsite.com/maine-coon-colors-and-patterns/
  9. Maine Coon Expert, available here: https://mainecoonexpert.com/how-to-tell-if-your-maine-coon-cat-is-a-purebred-or-mix/
  10. Maine Coon, available here: https://mainecoon.org/category/health/
  11. Maine Coon Central, available here: https://mainecooncentral.com/are-maine-coon-cats-aggressive/