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Meet the 7 cutest salamanders in the world

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The salamander is a species of salamander native to Mexico. The word salamander is pronounced ACK-suh-LAH-tuhl. It belongs to the group of amphibians that includes newts, frogs and toads. Salamanders are unique in that they do not undergo metamorphosis like other salamanders; instead, they remain juvenile throughout their lives. This means that even though they have grown lungs, they use their feathery gills to breathe underwater, rather than air-breathing lungs like adult amphibians usually do.

Salamanders retain external gills on the sides of their bodies, as well as a tail and body fins. This aquatic lifestyle means that salamanders can't open or close their eyes like typical land mammals, since most amphibians don't have eyelids as adults. Let's discover seven of the cutest salamanders in the world in this article.

1. White Albino Salamander

salamander albino
White albino salamanders are highly sought after around the world.

© Guillermo Guerao Serra/Shutterstock.com

White albino salamanders are one of the most popular types of pet salamanders. Their skin is white with shiny golden spots that give them a unique and attractive appearance. Compared to their normal counterparts, these newts lack pigment, so their skin or eyes don't develop any color. As such, they come in a variety of different colors, including gold, white, and peach, depending on the genes that created them.

Additionally, albino salamanders often have reflective spots on their bodies, and the pink gill stalks may appear yellowish in certain lighting conditions. Because of their unusual visual characteristics and relatively easy care requirements compared to other aquatic species, white albino salamanders have become highly sought after pets around the world!

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2. Albino Salamander

spotted white salamander
Albino salamanders are rare in the wild.

©axolotlowner/Shutterstock.com

Albino salamanders are truly unique and beautiful creatures. They have translucent white bodies with shiny gold spots, red or pink gills, and dark brown or black eyes. The striking color combinations of these salamanders set them apart from other aquatic species. Unfortunately, they are very rare in the wild because their bright colors are easy for predators to see.

However, they are one of the most common varieties in captivity, as breeders selectively select for this trait when breeding for specific colors and patterns. Although albino salamanders are rare in nature, many aquarists keep albino salamanders as pets, which they appreciate, thanks to dedicated breeders working hard to ensure that this special variety is enjoyed by all!

3. Golden Albino Salamander

golden albino salamander
Golden albino salamanders have pink gills and yellow gills.

© CheyennevB/Shutterstock.com

The golden albino salamanders are indeed worth a look. Not only do they have a stunning golden yellow color, but they often exhibit shimmering pigments known as "iridophores," which make them stand out from other varieties. Their hues range from almost pure white to peach, yellow, and orange-gold. Their bodies may also contain reflective spots and spots for added effect, and their eyes are white, yellow, or pink, depending on the genetics of the individual specimen. As if all of this wasn't enough to blow your mind, these beautiful creatures even have pale yellow peachy gills!

4. Spotted salamander

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The spotted salamander's body is covered with numerous spots.

© iStock.com/prill

The piebald varietal is a unique and attractive newt color. It is caused by partial albinism, which is reduced pigmentation in areas of the skin that normally appear white or translucent. The salamander usually has dark green or black spots on its face and back, but it can also sometimes appear on its sides and legs. The piebald salamander differs from the spotted victoria in that the piebald salamander has an extremely high number of spots on its body. Over time, these spots may become darker until they eventually cover most of the body in an alternating black and white pattern. If both parents have this genetic trait, it can be passed down from generation to generation. However, this condition is very rare, so it is often difficult to find two genetically compatible parents who both have the gene!

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5. Copper Salamander

Sea Dragon, Amphibian, Animal, Animal Themes, Animal Wildlife
Copper salamanders are found mainly in the United States and Australia

© iStock.com/Lucia Martini

The copper salamander is a beautiful and rare variant of the salamander. Its body is light gray-green in color with copper-colored spots evenly distributed across its surface. Its eyes and gills are shades of gray and red, respectively; this unique combination is caused by lower levels of melanin and other pigments in the skin. The copper form is found mainly in the United States and Australia; it is rare outside of these countries. However, when crossed with other species of salamanders, they can produce some amazing color combinations!

6. Firefly Newt

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Firefly salamanders have glowing tails.

© Kazakov Maksim/Shutterstock.com

Firefly salamanders are unique and beautiful creatures created by imaginative breeders. Its dark wild-type body contrasts with the albino tail, which glows brightly under a black light. There are also breeds with the opposite color (light body/dark tail). This glow gives the species its name—the firefly salamander—because only the tail glows like a true firefly. This vibrant display can be seen in an aquarium, especially at night, when the lights are dimmed or turned off completely to better observe the spectacle of this species' glowing tail!

7. Hybrid mosaic newt

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Mosaic salamanders are the result of co-breeding of melanistic and albino parents.

©iStock.com/Gerardo Martinez Cons

Mosaic salamanders are a unique species of salamander that display an interesting mix of colors. Their bodies usually have black, white and gold spots. The gills often have red and purple stripes, which are even more stunning when paired with their colorful eyes. Mosaic salamanders are the result of co-breeding of melanistic and albino parents, creating this unique color combination that makes them such beautiful creatures!

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Next:

  • Salamanders as Pets: The Ultimate Guide to Caring for Your Newt
  • Newt vs Newt: What's the Difference?
  • The 7 Biggest Sharks of the Gulf of Mexico

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about the author

heather hall


I'm a freelance writer with 22 years of experience. I live in the Pacific Northwest surrounded by nature. When I do my daily runs, I often see herds of elk, deer, and bald eagles. I have two dogs that take me on hikes in the mountains where we see coyotes, black bears, and wild turkeys.

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