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A rooster is a farm animal that is often featured in weather vanes and country-themed home decor.

The rooster is an adult male chicken ( Gallus gallus domesticus ), a domesticated subspecies of the red jungle fowl. A rooster may also be called a rooster (or capon if castrated), while a young male is called a rooster. The hen is an adult hen and the pullet is a sexually immature young hen. Some roosters bred for fighting are known as fighting cocks.

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5 Amazing Cock Facts

  • Roosters make sure their hens eat first.
  • A rooster protects his flock and warns the other chickens if he senses danger.
  • Hens and roosters look the same as chicks.
  • If there are no roosters in the flock, the hens will take charge.
  • If a hen finds a rooster's comb attractive, she may choose to mate with a rooster.

scientific name and history

As with all chickens, the rooster's scientific name is Gallus gallus domesticus . Chickens are a member of the galliformes , an order of ground-eating birds such as turkeys and quails. The chickens are descended from the red jungle fowl ( Gallus gallus ).

Chickens are thought to have been domesticated in Southeast Asia (probably Vietnam or Thailand) about 8,000 years ago. From there they have a long history of spreading to the rest of the world,


This Black Australorp rooster is a classic black color with a curved tail feathers which is the rooster's distinctive signature.

©Josh Whitcomb/

Roosters have a swaggering attitude and their plumage is usually more colorful than their mate hens, but not every breed has it. Rooster feathers come in a variety of colors, including white, brown, black, and red. Some roosters have spots or spots. Roosters usually have large wattles and combs. The bird's protruding tail is usually large and brightly colored, and it continues to grow and become more colorful as the rooster ages.

The body of a rooster looks so much like a chicken that it can be difficult to tell the difference as a child. However, adult roosters have the following notable differences:

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Chicken Health and Recreation

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  • muscular
  • The larger comb is placed high on his head
  • he has big wattles under his beak
  • He has hooks on his shoulders. (The mane is the long, pointed neck feathers that run along the rooster's back. Hens have shorter, rounder manes.)
  • Tail Feathers: Curved tail feathers are a distinctive sign of a rooster.
  • Spurs: Roosters have spurs on their legs that grow throughout their life.

rooster in culture

chicken repellent
This Sussex rooster is majestic, handsome, and is the incarnation of the symbolic rooster in myths and legends.


The rooster is an important symbol in many cultures. Nautical traditions hold that rooster tattoos bring good luck to sailors.

Rooster is the tenth sign of the Chinese zodiac, and those born in this year are said to be polite, punctual, and loyal.

In Celtic and Norse mythology, the rooster is a messenger of the underworld. They believe the birds call out the names of those who died in battle.

In Greek mythology, the god Ares sent a soldier named Alectryon (Greek for rooster) to guard the room where he secretly met with the goddess Aphrodite. Alectryon fell asleep, and God turned him into a red rooster as punishment. According to mythology, this is why the rooster never wakes up at dawn.

The rooster is the national animal of France. The rooster is a classic symbol used when decorating in country or French country style.

The cartoon character Foghorn Leghorn is a white rooster with a red head and a red tail. He has appeared in Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons and movies at Warner Bros. Studios and has his own TV show.


beautiful cock standing
Some cocks crow at around 90 decibels, the same as a barking dog.

© Ruiz

Rooster is best known for his crows, which he uses to alert his flock of food, mark his territory, or warn his flock of potential danger. Most roosters can crow by four months of age. Strange as it may seem, roosters really do crow at sunrise; they seem to have an internal clock that lets them know when dawn is coming.

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The rooster is the leader of their flock. Their job is to guard the flock and mate with the hens. A rooster will mate with as many hens as possible, and he will also maintain the pecking order in the coop.

Chickens are sociable animals and like to live in groups. They share the responsibility of hatching and raising their children, and they share food and resources.

When a rooster finds food, it tells the other chickens to eat first. Roosters may cluck or pick up food on their feet and drop it. The hen does the same, trying to get her chicks to eat.


Rhode Island Red Rooster Isolated
The Rhode Island Red is a well-known cock that is popular with hobbyists and show cocks for its bright colors.


Roosters live on farms and in coops in the suburbs. They mainly live with their flock. A hen can lay eggs without a rooster, but a rooster is needed to fertilize the eggs.

Some people keep roosters as a hobby. The Rhode Island Red is a well-known rooster breed. There are other well-regarded varieties, including:

  • Chinese Silkie
  • barf orpington
  • ban plymouth rock
  • East Frisian Seagull
  • old english games
  • black australian
  • iowa blue


Bird pee?
A rooster and his chicks pick food and gravel from the ground.


Roosters are omnivores and are not picky about what they eat. However, they have certain nutritional requirements. Most roosters prefer to free range and forage. This is more natural to the roosters and easier on the people who keep them. In winter it is necessary to feed them with prepared food from a feeder.

Rooster diet should include the following.

  • Grit: Because there are no rooster teeth, these birds need grit to break down their food. You can buy commercially prepared grit or grind your own from rocks and bones.
  • Calcium: Oyster shells are a good source of calcium. This is very necessary for laying hens.
  • Balanced Diet: Roosters need a proper balance of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, starches, vitamins and minerals. Many people use commercially prepared feeds or supplements to ensure their roosters get the proper balance.

Predators and Threats

Humans are the biggest natural enemy of roosters. They often slaughter them for food. Some also make them fight to the death in cockfights, which are illegal in many countries.

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Other predators include raccoons, coyotes and foxes, which may try to raid the coop for eggs and chicks. Roosters protect their coops and some have been known to fight to the death against predators.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Wyandotte roosters and hens in a backyard fence.
This Wyandotte rooster will probably mate with all the hens in his harem.

©Don Pablo/

As the leader of the flock, the rooster mates with the many hens in the harem. A rooster may use a courtship dance to show his interest in a hen. This is called lap dancing. Once the hen responds with a cluck or call, the rooster will mate with her.

Females create or find nests. It is common for chickens to use previously used nests, with some hens laying eggs in other hens' nests.

Incubation lasts about 21 days. Chickens will continue to care for their chicks for several weeks. At that point, they are old enough to start feeding themselves.

Population and Conservation Status

Chickens and roosters live all over the globe. There are over 23 billion chickens, so they are far from endangered. Instead, they are the most abundant bird species in the world.

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Roosters have several distinguishing features that distinguish them from hens. They are larger and have large wattles and combs. They have large, bushy tail feathers and spurs on their feet.

He does this by mating with hens.

It is a hen or pullet.

The word comes from the Old English word "cocc", meaning male bird. Because the word "rooster" was considered rude, chicken lovers came up with the word "rooster" instead. Today, the word cockerel (meaning "little cock") refers to a young rooster that is less than a year old. However, in rooster breeding, the term "rooster" is still used.

It is derived from the Old English word "hrost", referring to a mast on the roof of a chicken coop. The rooster sits on it and "rules the roost".

No chicken teeth. Chickens have no teeth.

On average, a rooster can live 5-8 years. However, if properly cared for in captivity, their average lifespan increases to 10-15 years.