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siam facts

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Did you know that Siamese kittens are born without spotting? Siamese cats have a special enzyme that is sensitive to temperature, which allows the pigment in the fur to accumulate in cooler parts of the body, such as ears, paws, tail and face.

Siamese cats are intelligent, loyal, good-natured, and talkative felines who love playing and snuggling with humans most.

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Features: Know Before You Buy

  • Siamese cats are loving and loyal companions, but you must be prepared to give them lots of love and companionship in return. They don't like being alone for long periods of time, and they don't respond well to being ignored.
  • Purebred Siamese are considered hypoallergenic.
  • Because the breed was originally cross-eyed, Siamese cats are more prone to vision problems as they age.
  • They thrive in a stable, consistent environment and love everyday life.
Maddest Angriest Cat - Siamese
Siamese cats are hypoallergenic.

© iStock.com/Vital Hill

breed history

The first historical mention of Siamese cats is in an ancient manuscript called Tamra Maew (Cat Book Poetry) , which originated in the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, the Kingdom of Siam, which lasted from 1351 to 1767 AD) . A poem describes cats in Thailand as rare as gold and promises that anyone who owns one will become rich.

Apparently, an early Siamese king took these cats very seriously (so the legend goes), as he used them as guard cats at his temples. They were trained to perch on tall pillars and pounce on anyone who might threaten the king. Western culture first noticed the Siamese cat in the form of German explorer and naturalist Peter Simon Pallas, who described the Siamese cat in his writings.

In the late 1800s, the King of Siam gifted Owen Gould, the British Consulate General in Bangkok, a pair of breeding Siamese cats—the first cats to enter Europe. He named them Pho and Mia and they were exhibited at the Crystal Palace by his sister in 1885. Ironically, the first Siamese cats to come to America were also gifts from the King of Siam to friends. While these cats remained mysterious and rare in the early 20th century, imports and registrations of these cats exploded after World War II.

Siamese Cat Health and Recreation

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Siamese cat - old style
The first Siamese cat came to Europe as a gift from the King of Siam to the British Consulate General in Bangkok.



Siamese cats are known to be highly nervous and aggressive, but this is not the case with any thoroughbred and well-loved Siamese cat. They make excellent companions and family pets.

In general, Siamese cats are:

  • extremely smart
  • affectionate
  • playful
  • unbelievable sound

They prefer lots of love and attention from their human family, and their intelligence and curiosity make every moment interesting. They're quick learners, and because they're an active breed, you can easily teach them to play games like fetch. They also like to "chat" with their humans all day long, even if their humans don't always talk back.

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Siamese Blue Point Shorthair
Siamese cats make wonderful pets, they are intelligent, affectionate, playful and loud.

© Lucie K/Shutterstock.com

size and weight

Siamese are not a large breed. They can grow up to 14 inches long and usually weigh less than 10 pounds. At the upper end of the size range, males can weigh up to 14 pounds.

A Siamese cat named Kitty has been in the news for being the world's fattest cat. In 2003, she hit 50 pounds, the weight of a small child.

Portrait of blue-eyed siamese cat hunting in green garden.
Siamese cats can grow up to 14 inches in length and usually weigh less than 10 pounds.

© Chomipoo/Shutterstock.com


These cats are a very sought-after breed, so prices for purebred cats can be high. However, when you purchase a Siamese cat from a reputable breeder, you are also paying for a cat or kitten that has undergone a thorough health check, extensive socialization, and all necessary injections. Many breeders also offer clients a health guarantee, and some include the cost of pet insurance in the adoption fee.

The price will depend on several factors such as:

  • pedigree
  • dyeing
  • age
  • Require
  • geographic location

If you wish to purchase a cat of show quality, you may have to pay as much as $3,000. However, if you're just buying a purebred companion, most Siamese cats and kittens range from $250-$1,200. You can also find a Siamese cat at a nearby rescue station for much less, but it may take a little more patience. You can also check to see if there are rescue shelters in your area that specialize in Siamese cats.

Some rarer colors, such as lilac point and flame point, can cost as much as $2,000, depending on the breeder and geographic location.

It is also important to take other factors into consideration when you are considering the cost of purchasing a Siamese cat. Siamese cats are a naturally lean and active breed, so they require a quality high-protein diet. Owners should expect to spend at least $300 per year on high quality wet and dry food.

While Siamese cats are generally a healthy breed, it's important to schedule regular veterinary visits, especially when they're kittens. Pet insurance may help reduce these costs, but it's a good idea to set aside a few hundred dollars each year for routine and unscheduled veterinary checkups.

Siamese cat - Classic Siamese cat
A show-grade Siamese can cost as much as $3,000, while a pet purebred can cost between $250-$1,200.



Kittens are more playful and energetic than adult kittens. They are at their best when young, affectionate and social. This is key to helping them develop into friendly, well-rounded adults.

An interesting fact about these kittens is that they are born with a solid white or cream coat. They have a special "temperature-controlling" enzyme that allows them to develop spots of black, brown, blue and gray in cooler parts of their bodies.

Most cat breeds reach puberty at six months of age, but these kittens may reach sexual maturity as early as four months. If you adopt a Siamese cat as a companion, be sure to neuter your furry friend as soon as possible.

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In general, kittens are fine with children as long as the child understands how to interact with the cat. It is important to monitor all interactions with young children so that they are a positive experience for both the child and the cat. Because these cats bond so well with humans, having a kitten by your child's side ensures that the two cats will become inseparable friends for life.

Four siamese kittens sit in a basket on the background of flowers
Siamese kittens can reach sexual maturity as early as 4 months of age.

©Mariya Zimarina/Shutterstock.com


The average lifespan of a healthy Siamese cat is 12 to 20 years. However, the oldest Siamese cat on record is a 30-year-old named Scooter, who held the Guinness World Record for the world's oldest cat in 2016.

The most common conditions that can shorten the lifespan of these cats are congenital heart disease and genetic disorders such as asthma. Additionally, due to their initial genetic predisposition to squint, these cats often have poorer eyesight than most breeds and are prone to vision loss and blindness as they age.

Siamese cat lying on the table.
The average lifespan of a Siamese cat is 15-20 years.

©Suwanon Wongsaphan/Shutterstock.com

Varieties and Mixes

Purebred Siamese cats have several distinguishing characteristics, including:

  • black spots on their coats
  • a sleek, muscular physique
  • blue, almond-shaped eyes
  • Long, tapered, wedge-shaped head
  • Short, glossy coat of white, cream, or fawn

If your cat has Siamese traits but also has tabby stripes, a shaggy coat, a round head, black fur patches, or eyes that are not blue, you may be a Siamese mix. As long as you're not in the market for a show-quality Siamese, a Siamese mix is just as good a companion as a purebred Siamese. They are also easier to find in rescue shelters.

Oriental siamese cat standing in the studio.
The Siamese cat is characterized by a smooth, muscular body, blue eyes, a short, glossy white, cream or light brown coat, and black spots.


Siamese Cat Types and Colors

According to the breed standard, there are only four recognized colors:

  • chocolate point
  • sealing point
  • lilac point
  • blue dot

However, there are many other coat type names such as tortoiseshell pointy, flame pointy, cinnamon pointy, tawny pointy, and bobcat pointy. All color types of these cats have white or cream bodies, but they usually darken with age.

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about the author

Abby Parks is the author of novels, plays, short stories, poems and lyrics. She has recorded two albums of her original songs and is a multi-instrumentalist. She manages a folk music website and writes about singer-songwriters, folk bands, and other music-related articles. She is also a radio DJ for folk music shows. As well as being a pet parent to rabbits, birds, dogs and cats, Abby enjoys hunting for animals in the wild and has witnessed some of the more exotic ones such as Puffins in the Farne Islands, Puffins in Chiloe Southern Pudu (Chile), penguins in the wild, and countless wildlife of the Rocky Mountains (bighorn sheep, goats, moose, elk, marmots, beavers).

Siam FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Are Siamese herbivores, carnivores or omnivores?

Siamese cats are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and other animals.

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To which kingdom did Siam belong?

Siamese belong to the animal kingdom.

Which category does Siam belong to?

Siamese belong to the class Mammalia.

What door does Siam belong to?

Siamese belong to the phylum Chordata.

What family does Siamese belong to?

Siamese cats belong to the cat family.

What order do Siamese cats belong to?

Siamese belong to the order Carnivora.

What genus does Siam belong to?

Siamese cats belong to the cat family.

What type of mulch do Siamese cats have?

Siamese cats are covered with hair.

How many children does Siam have?

The average number of babies for a Siamese cat is 4.

What are some interesting facts about Siam?

Siamese cats originated from temple cats in Thailand!

What is the scientific name of the Siamese cat?

The scientific name of Siamese cat is Felis catus.

What is the personality of Siamese cats?

Siamese cats are an intelligent and very vocal breed. They have high energy and lively personalities, so it's important that they get plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They can also be more demanding than other breeds, so they sometimes have a reputation for being high maintenance.

Are Siamese cats friendly?

Siamese cats are friendly and energetic, and get along well with other cats, dogs, and children.

Are Siamese cats aggressive?

Siamese cats are not aggressive by nature, but have been known to become aggressive if their needs are not met. Siamese cats that are hungry, bored, neglected, or anxious are more likely to display aggression, especially toward other cats.

What's so special about Siamese cats?

Siamese cats form a strong bond with their owners, and they love getting lots of love and playtime. While there are no purely hypoallergenic cats, Siamese cats are considered hypoallergenic because they don't shed as much as other cats and they produce less protein to which many people are allergic.

Many Siamese cats also have an inherited vision defect, which reduces their vision and limits their depth perception. This can make them more sensitive and emotional than other breeds, but they can also get along well with their families if given a safe, loving environment.

How long do Siamese cats live?

Siamese cats are a relatively healthy breed, so they can live for 12-20 years.

What is the difference between a Ragdoll and a Siamese cat?

The main difference between the two is that the Ragdoll is more independent than the Siamese, which requires a lot of cuddling and attention. Siamese cats can easily become morose and depressed if not given enough love. The Ragdoll, on the other hand, strikes the perfect balance between cuddling and insisting on independence.

What is the difference between a Birman cat and a Siamese cat?

The main differences between Birmans and Siamese are their coat, breed origin and rarity (price).

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  1. FAQ Cats, available here: https://faqcats.com/how-much-is-a-siamese-cat-worth/
  2. BBC, available here: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2787627.stm
  3. Cat Fanciers Association, available here: https://cfa.org/siamese/siamese-breed-standard/
  4. Petfinder, available here: https://www.petfinder.com/cat-breeds/siamese/